ANDROGENS -- the male sex hormones.
APPETITIVE BEHAVIOR -- behavior which seeks stimulus change (to satisfy a need).
DEPRIVATION -- the lack or loss of something which is needed.
DRIVE -- a tendency to perform incentive-seeking behavior (to satisfy a need).
DRIVE REDUCTION -- the satisfaction of a drive; the obtaining of an
EMOTIONAL EXPERIENCE -- covert, glandular and neurological reactions
associated with feelings of emotions, e.g., happiness, sadness, terror,
EMPIRICAL -- founded on experiments or observation; as distinguished from that which is
asserted by argument, reason, or opinion.
ESTROGENS -- the female sex hormones.
FEEDING CENTER -- a neural center in the hypothalamus which initiates
the feeding response.
GENERAL DRIVE -- a drive that is unlearned but not aroused by specific
physiological need (like avoidance of repetition).
GONADS -- the sex glands, i.e., ovaries or testes.
HOMEOSTASIS -- the tendency of the body to maintain a balance among
internal physiologic conditions.
HYPOTHALAMUS -- a region in the lower brain which controls many
emotional and motivational processes.
INCENTIVE -- a term approximately synonymous with goal, that which
provides the stimuli which lead to goal activity.
MAINTAINING BEHAVIOR -- behavior which seeks to avoid stimulus
change; behavior which seeks to maintain a constant stimulus.
MOTIVATION -- an internal state which involves a tendency (drive) to
perform certain behaviors to obtain an object or situation (incentive).
PHYSIOLOGICAL DRIVE -- those that arise from some lack or deficiency
in the body (need for food, water, etc.).
PRIMARY DRIVES -- an unlearned biological motivation (comes first, innate, and usually physiological).
PUBERTY -- the age after which an organism is capable of reproduction.
SATIETY CENTER -- a neural center in the hypothalamus which inhibits the
SECONDARY DRIVES -- a drive which is learned, usually through
association with a primary drive or goal.
SEPTAL AREA -- a region of the brain having to do with emotion.
UNCONSCIOUS MOTIVATION -- motivation that the person is not aware of;
that which he cannot report and does not perceive.
Unit 9 Table of Contents
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