Shore Protection Projects in California
Summary of 1999 Report on: The Fiscal Impact of Beaches
Prepared for the California Department
of Boating and Waterways.
To download a full copy of the Report
in Adobe Acrobat format, click
here. (If you do not have Acrobat software, you may download it at
- In 1998, California’s Beaches
generated $14 billion dollars of direct revenue. When the indirect
and induced benefits of this spending are added, California’s
beaches total contribution to the national economy is $73 billion
- The Federal tax revenues generated
by this beach activity are substantial. The direct Federal tax
revenues generated are $2.6 billion; however, the total Federal tax
revenues generated are much higher: $14 billion.
- California’s beaches generated
883,000 jobs across the U.S.
- California receives less than one
tenth as much in Federal appropriations as New York and New Jersey,
which have much smaller coastlines and fewer miles of beaches.
- California ranks eighth in terms of
Federal appropriations for shoreline protection, just ahead of
Delaware. It receives just under $12,000 per mile of coastline
compared with well over $800,000 for New York and New Jersey.
- While California receives twice as
much in Federal appropriations for shoreline protection as Delaware
(the 9th largest recipient of Federal funds) California’s
beaches generates 20 times more economic activity for the national
economy and roughly 20 times more tax revenues than Delaware’s
beaches. In other words, California generates 10 times more Federal
tax dollars for every dollar in shoreline appropriations it receives
- Our study of Huntington Beach
indicates that much of the Federal and State tax revenues generated
by local beach communities do not go back to local communities. In
our survey in Huntington Beach, one-half of all spending on beach
activities occurred outside the city. Further, many of the tax
dollars generated within the city go to state and Federal
authorities. Overall, Huntington Beach’s beaches generated $135
million in Federal tax revenues and $25 million in sales tax
revenues compared to only $4.8 million in local revenues from sales
taxes and parking fees.
If you have any
questions, feel free to e-mail