Bibliography - Art, Science,Technology

  • Artists' Work 
  • Art Festivals, Competitions, & Shows 
  • Art Organizations, Journals, Research Centers, Research Organizations, Aternative Science 
  • Online Essays - Theory Resources - Syllabi 
  • Introduction to Emerging Research Areas of Interest to Artists (Technological & Artistic research in GPS,Biotechnology, Biosensors, Materials Science, Wearable Computing, Ubiquitous Computing, etc)
  • Bibliography in Art, Science, and Technolgy  ****this document **** 
  • Compiled by Stephen Wilson, Professor, CIA Program , Art Dept, San Francisco State University

    ###Note these links are part of the research for Wilson's books Informati on Arts (MIT Press,  2002) and Art+Science Now (Thames & Hudson, 2010)  Please see the books for more details about the artists, organizations, and texts listed in these links and for extended analysis of the relationship of art and research.  The links are constantly being revised and suggestions are welcomed. Feel free to use these resources but please attribute source. Copyright, 1999-2009 Stephen Wilson.


    Art & Science, Art & Mathematics

    Yusoff,Kathryn . ed. London: BiPolar Arts Catalyst, 2008
    Ascott, Roy.  Technoetic Arts.

    Ascott, Roy (ed)  Art, Technology, Consciousness: Mind @ Large.   Portland: Intellect Books, 2000.
    Ascott, Roy.  Engineering Nature: art & Consciousness in the post-biological era. Bristol: Intellect, 2006
    Barron, S
    téphan. Toucher l'espace, poétique de l'Art Planétaire, Ed. L'Harmattan, novembre 2006
    Benthall, Jonathan, Science and technology in art today. New York: Praeger,1972

    Bijvoet, Marga, Art as inquiry : toward new collaborations between art, science, and technology. New York: Peter Lang, 1997.
    Bronowski, Jacob. The Visionary Eye : Essays in the Arts, Literature and Science. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1978
    Bronowski, J acob. Ascent of Man. Boston: Little, Brown,1974
    Burke, James. Connection. Boston: Little Brown, c1978
    Caglioti, G. Dynamics of Ambiguity. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1992
    Cassidy, Harold Gomes,The sciences and the arts; a new alliance. New York: Harper, 1962
    Clarke, Bruce   and Linda Dalrymple Henderson (eds.).  From Energy to Information: Representation in Science and Technology, Art, and Literature  Stanford: Stanford  University Press, 2002
    Curtin, D.W. (ed.) The Aesthetic Dimesnion of Science New York: Philsophical Library, 1982
    Davis, J. HYBRID CULTURE: Mix-Art. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co., 2006
    Ede, Sian.  Art and Science, I B Tauris & Co Ltd. London, 2005
    Emmer, Michele. Visual Mind: Art and Mathematics. Cambridge : MIT Press, 1993
    Emmer, Michele. Visual Mind II.  Cambridge : MIT Press, 2005
    Field, J.V. Science in Art: Works in the National Gallery that Illustrate the History of Science and Technology. Stanford in the Vale: British Society for the History of Science, 1997
    Frankel, Felice.  Envisioning Science: The Design and Craft of the Science Image.  Cambridge: MIT Press,  2002
    Gould,Stephen Jay and Rosamond Purcell. Crossing Over: Where Art and Science Meet. New York: Three Rivers Press, 2000
    Graubard, S. Art & Science. New York: Daedalus, 1988.
    Gyr,  A. , P.D. Koumoutsakos and U. Burr. Proceedings of the Science and Art Symposium   Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000.
    Hartal, Paul, The Brush And The Compass : The Interface Dynamics of Art and Science. Lanham: University Press of America,1988.
    Hauser, Jens. SK-INTERFACES: Exploding Borders in Art, Science and Technology. ISBN: 9781846311499 ,  2008
    Herdeg, Walter, The Artist In The Service Of Science. .Z??rich:he Graphis Press, 1973
    Henderson, Linda Dayrymple. The Fourth Dimension and Non-Euclidean Geometries in Modern Art, Princeton: Princeton U. Press, 1993  
    Henderson, Linda and Bruce Clarke (eds.)  From Energy to Information: Representation in Science and Technology, Art, and Literature.   Stanford: Stanford  University Press, 2002. 
    Hoffmann, Roald and Vivian Torrence.  Chemistry Imagined.  (Smithsonian Institution Press).
    Ihde, Don and Evan Selinger (eds). Chasing Technoscience  2003
    Ihde, Don. Expanding  Hermeneutics: Visualism in Science.  1998
    Ivens, W. Art and Geometry. Cambridge: Cambridge U. Press, 1986

    Jacob, Opper. Science and the Arts; A Study in Relationships from 1600-1900. Rutherford [N.J.] Fairleigh Dickinson University Press [1973]
    Johnson, Martin, Art and Scientific Thought; Historical Studies Towards a Modern Revision of Their Antagonism. New York: AMS Press, 1970
    Kemp, Martin.  Visualizations: The Nature Book of Art and Sceince, UC Press, 2001
    Kepes, Gyorgy. Structure in Art and in Science. New York:G. Braziller,1965
    Kepes, Gyorgy. New Landscape in Art & Science. Chicago, P. Theobald. 1956
    Krawczyk, Robert.  The Art of Spirolaterals.
    Rob la Frenais &  Nicola Triscott (ed). THE ZERO GRAVITY HANDBOOK?: A Cultural User's Guide. London,   Cornerhouse Publications -
    Leyton, Michael A Generative Theory of Shape.  Springer-Verlag
    Maeda.,John.  Design by Numbers.  Cambridge, MA:MIT Press, 1999
    Meyers, A.  Art and science in America: Issues of Representation
    McConnell, R.B. Art, Science, and Human Progress. New York: Universe Books, 1987
    Miller, A. I. Insights of Genius: Imagery and Creativity in Science and Art. New York : Springer Vertag,1996
    Miller, A.  Einstein Picasso: Space, Time, and the Beauty that Causes Havoc 2002
    Pollock, Martin (ed,) Common Denominators in Art and Science. Aberdeen: Aberdeen University Press, 1983
    Robbin, Tony. Shadows of Reality: The Fourth Dimension in Relativity, Cubism, and Modern Thought. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2006
    Eileen Reeves. Painting the Heavens: Art and Science in the Age of Galileo. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press,1997
    Richardson, John. Modern Art and Scientific Thought. Urbana, University of Illinois Press, 1971
    Rothstein, Edward. Emblems of Mind: The Inner Life of Music and Mathematics. New York: Times Books, 1995
    Rhodes, L. Science Within Art. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1980
    Rhys, Henry (ed). 17th Century Science and the Arts. Princeton: Princeton U PRess, 1961
    Richardson, John Adkins, Modern Art and Scientific Thought. Urbana: University of Illinois Press,1971
    Rieser, Dolf, Art and Science. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1972
    Robbin, Tony.  Shadows of Reality: The Fourth Dimension in Relativity, Cubism and Modern Thought. Yale University Press, New Haven,  2006
    Ross, Alan Strode Campbell(ed) Arts vs. Science: a Collection Of Essays. London, Methuen, 1967
    Schlain, Leonard. Art and Physics. New York: Morrow, 1991
    Shanken, Edward A..   Telematic Embrace:  Visionary Theories of Art Technology and Consciousness.  UC Press, 2003
    Shirley, John W. F. and David Hoeniger. Science and the Arts in the Renaissance. London : Associated University Presses, 1985
    Sakane, I.   Kakuchou Sareta Jigen: Geijutsu to Kagaku no Soukoku wo Koete (The Expanded Dimension: Beyond the Conflicts of Art and Science).   NTT Publishing, Tokyo, Japan, 2003  (Japanese)
    Scientific American. Special Issue on Science & Art
    Scott, Jill (ed).  Artists in the Lab. SpringerWienNewYork, Wien, Austria, 2006.
    Simonton, Keith.  Origins of Genius: Darwinian Perspectives on Creativity.
    Siukone, Jyrki.  Uplifted Spirits, Earthbound Machines: Studies on Artists and the Dream of Flight, 1900--1935.  Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura, Helsinki, Finland, 2001
    Smith, Cyril Stanley. From Art to Science: Seventy-Two Objects Illustrating the Nature of Discovery. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1980
    Smith, Cyril Stanley. A Search for Structure : Selected Essays on Science, Art, and History. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1983
    Snow, C.P. The Two Cultures and the Scientific Revolution Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1959
    Strosberg, Elaine.  Art and Science.  Abbeville Press,2001
    Tauber, Alfred. The Elusive Synthesis : Aesthetics and Science. Boston : Kluwer, 1996
    Triscott, Nicola and Rob la Frenais. ZERO GRAVITY : A Cultural User's Guide.  Arts Catalyst, London
    Vitz, Paul C.,1984. Modern Art And Modern Science : The Parallel Analysis Of Vision. New York: Praeger, 1984.

    Waddington, Conrad Hal., 1970. Behind Appearance; a Study Of The Relations Between Painting And The Natural Sciences In This Century. Cambridge:, MIT Press 1970
    Wagner, Cahterine. Art and Science: Investigating Matter. St. Louis: Nazereli Press , 1996
    Washburn, Dorothy and Donald Crow. Symmetries of Culture. Seattle : University of Washington Press, 1988
    Wellcome Trust. Talking Back to Science: Art, science and the personal . London, 2004  (link)
    Wellcome Trust.  Experiment: conversations in art and science. London, 2005  (link)
    Weschler, Judith (ed.). On Aesthetics in Science. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1979
    Wilson, Stephen. Great Moments in Art and Science (forthcoming)
    Wilson, Stephen.  Information Arts: Intersections of Art, Science, and Technology.  Cambridge:, MIT Press 2001
    Zee, Anthony. Fearful Symetry. The Search for Beauty in Modern Physics. New York: MacMillan, 1986.
    Zelevansky, Lynn Ed., BEYOND GEOMETRY: EXPERIMENTS IN FORM, 1940s-1970s.The MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 2004

    Art and Technology, Art and Computers, Networks

    ACM, Special Interest Group on Computer Graphics (SIGGRAPH). Visual Proceedings (Including Art Show Catalogs), 1980 - 1999
    Alexenberg, Mel. future of art in a digital age: from hellenistic to hebraic consciousnes. Intellect Books, 2006
    Arnould, Jacques.  La seconde chance d'Icare. Pour une Èthique de l'Espace, Les Editions du Cerf, Paris, 2001
    Ars Electronica. Cyberarts: (Catalogs of Symposium and Prix Awards). 1990-1999
    Arts Council- England.  Pioneers in Art and Science Series  (dvd)
    Ascott, R. and Carl Loeffler. ??Connectivity??. Special Telecommunications Issue of Leonardo, Leonardo, 24(2), 1991

    Benkler, Yochai. The Wealth of Networks: How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom.
    Bakke, Monika (ed). Going aerial - Air, art, architecture -
    M. Balaban, K. Ebcioglu, and O. Laske (eds.) Music with AI: Perspectives on Music Cognition Cambridge: MIT Press,1992
    Barney, Darin. The Network Society (Key Concepts).
    Bentkowska-kafel, trish cashen & hael gariner (ed). digital art history Intellect books 2005
    Bentkowska-kafel, trish cashen & hael gariner (ed). Digital Visual Culture: Theory and Practice
     Beardon , Colin and Lone Malmborg, eds Digital Creativity: Innovations in Art and Design.  Swets & Zeitlinger,Lisse, The Netherlands, 2002
    Berger, Ren?? and Lloyd Eby (eds.) Art and Technology. New Yor : Paragon House Publishers,1986
    BOOTZ, Philippe .  LES BASIQUES : LA LITTERATURE NUMERIQUE, (The Basics : Digital Literature)
    Bredekamp, Horst, The Lure Of Antiquity And The Cult Of The Machine. Princeton: Markus Wiener Publishers, 1995
    Brouwer, Joke , Arjen Mulder, Anne Nigten (eds.) - aRt&D: Research and Development in Art. Rotterdam: V2, 2005
    Brown, Paul, Charlie Gere, Nicholas Lambert and, Catherine Mason (eds). White Heat, Cold Logic  Cambridge: MIT Press,xxx
    BUREAUD, Annick & Nathalie MAGNAN. CONNEXIONS : art - rÈseaux - media
    Burnham, Jack. Beyond Modern Sculpture. New York: G. Braziller, 1968
    Burnett, Robert and P. David Marshall. Web Theory.  Routledge: New York, 2003
    Chandler, Annmarie & Norie Neumark. At a Distance‚Preecursors to Art and Activism on the Internet. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 2005
    Couchot, Edmond/ Des images, du temps et des machine dans l'art et la communication, Paris, Ed. Jacqueline Chambon-Actes Sud, 2007 link
    Cohen, Harold (written with Pamela McCorduck) . Aaron's Code: Meta-Art, Artificial Intelligence, and the Work of Harold Cohen.

    Cope, David. Computers and Musical Style. Madison: A-R Editions, 1991
    Cope, David. Experiments in Musical Intelligence. Madison: A-R Editions, 1996
    Davis, Douglas. Art And The Future; a History/Prophecy Of The Collaboration Between Science, Technology, And Art. New York: Praeger, 1973
    Davis, Jim.  HYBRID CULTURE: Mix-Art.  Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co., 2007
    Daejeon Museum of Art. 2005 Daejeon Fast: Future of Art, Science and Technology. Daejeon, Republic of Korea, 2005.
    Deken, Joseph. Computer Images : State Of The Art. New York : Stewart, Tabori & Chang Publishers, 1983
    Edmonds, Ernest and Linda Candy.  Explorations in Art and Technology.  Springer, 2002
    Edwards, David. Artscience: Creativity in the Post-Google Generation. Cambridge: Harvard University Press,, 2008
    Fishwick, Paul. Aesthetic Computing. Cambridge:, MIT Press 2005
    Francastel,Pierre  (translated by Randall Cherry).  Art and Technology in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries.  Cambridge: MIT Press, 1999
    Franke, Herbert W. Computer Graphics - Computer Art. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1984
    Fry, Ben and Casey Reas.  Processing. MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA, 2007.
    Fischnaller, Franz. Editori Riuniti   info
    Frieling, Rudolf  & Dieter Daniels. Media Art Interaction: The 1980s and 1990s in Germany.
    Frankel, Feliceand George Whitesides. On The Surface of Things. New York: Chronicle Books, 1997
    Gere, Charlie.  Art, Time, and Technology. Oxford: Berg, 2006
    Gilmore, Lee.  Afterburn (Burning Man) .  U New Mexico Press, 2005 
    Goodman, Cynthia. Digital Vision. New York: Abrams Publishers, 1987
    Hogan,Patrick Colm.  Cognitive Science, Literature and the Arts.
    Hara, Kenya.  Designing Design.  Lars Mller: Baden, Switzerland, 200
    Harris, Craig. Art & Innovation. (Xerox PARC Artist in Residence program) Cambridge: MIT Press, 1999
    Hiltzik, Michael.  Dealers of Lightning (Xerox Parc).  Harper Business
    Hocks, mary and Michelle Kendrick.. eloquesnt images:word and imag in age of new media. MIT Press, 2005
    Hopkins, Bart (ed.) Gravikords, Whirlies and Pyrophones: Experimental Musical Instruments. San Francisco: Ellipsis Arts, 1996 
    Ippolito, Jon and Joline Blais: At the Edge of Art, thames & hudson , 2006
    Jacobson,Linda ed., Cyberarts: Exploring Art & Technology. San Francisco: Miller Freeman, 1992
    Jana,  Reena and Mark Tribe.New Media Art . Taschen, 2006
    Jennings, Pamela. Speculative Data and the Creative Imaginary: Shared Visions between art and technology. Catalog show at National Academy of Science, 2007
    joyce,michael. othermindedness: the emergence of network culture. u of mich press, 2001
    Kacunko, Slavko.  Closed Circuit Videoinstallationen.  Verlag, 2005
    Kluver, Billy, J. Martin, B. Rose (eds), Pavilion:Experiments in Art and Technology. New York: E. P. Dutton, 1972
    Kranz, Stewart. Science and Technology in the Arts: A Tour Through the Realm of Science/Art. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., 1974.
    Kriesche, Richard. Teleskulptur. Graz, Austria: Kulturdata, 1993
    Krueger, Myron, Artificial Reality II. Reading, Mass. : Addison-Wesley, 1991
    Latham,William and Stephen Todd. Evolutionary Art and Computers. New York: Academic Press: 1992
    Laurel, B. 1991. Computers as Theatre. Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley Pub., c1991
    Leavitt, Ruth, 1976. Artist and Computer. New York : Harmony Books, 1976  online text
    Lee, Jiho.  2005 Daejeon FAST: Future of Art, Science and Technology 
    Lefèvre, Wolfgang.  Picturing Machines: 1400-1700.  MIT Press, 2004
    Leopoldseder,Hannes  and Christine Schopf. CyberArts 2001.  Springer, Vienna, Austria, and New York, NY,  2001  (Documentation of Ars Electronica Prix competitions, other years also avaialable)
    Lievrouw, Leah A  and Sonia Livingstone, The Handbook of New Media
    Loveless, Richard. The Computer Revolution and the Arts. Tampa : University of South Florida Press, 1989
    Machado, Penousal  , Juan Romero  (eds) Evolutionary Art and Music. Springer (in progress)
    Maeda, John. Design by Numbers. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 1999
    Malina, Frank J. (ed.) Kinetic Art. New York: Dover Publications, 1974
    Malina, Frank J.(ed.) Visual Art, Mathematics And Computers Oxford ; New York : Pergamon Press, 1979
    Mason, Catherine. A Computer in the Art Room: The Origins of British Computer Arts: 1950-80. Norfolk: JJG Publishing, 2008
    Mealing, Stuart  , Ed.  computers and art.. Intellect, 2005 
    Meigh-Andrews, Chris. History of Video Art.  Berg. Oxford,2006
    Morris,Adelaide   and Thomas Swiss.  New Media Poetics. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2006
    Moles, Abraham. Art and Technology. Urbana, University of Illinois Press, 1966
    Mulder, Arjen  and Maaike.  Book for the Electronic Arts.  V2. Rotterdam, 2001
    Orvell, Miles, After The Machine : Visual Arts And The Erasing Of Cultural Boundaries. Jackson : University Press of Mississippi, 1995
    Randall Packer and Ken Jordan(eds).  Multimedia: From Wagner to Virtual Reality.  WWNorton,2001
    Parikka, Jussi  ,  Digital Contagions: A Media Archaeology of Computer Viruses. Peter Lang Books, 2007
    Paul, Christiane.  Digital Art.  Thames & Hudson. 2003
    Pickover, Clifford. Computers and the Imagination : Visual Adventures Beyond The Edge. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1991
    Pickover, Clifford A. Visions of the Future : Art, Technology, And Computing Inthe Twenty-first Century. New York : St. Martin's Press, 1992
    Poissant Louise, Esth??tique des Arts M??diatiques. Presses de l'Universit?? du Qu??bec, Montreal: Collection Esth??tique, 1995
    Popper, F. 1976. Art, Action and Participation. New York : New York University Press, 1975
    Popper, F. 1981. Electra. Paris: Musee d??Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, 1983
    Popper, Frank. Art of the Electronic Age. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1993.
    Popper, Frank. 2005. From Technological to Virtual Art
    Casey and Ben Fry. Programming Media: A pragmatic foundation in writing software for the arts. MIT Press, 2007
    Reichardt, Jasia, The Computer in Art. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold 1971
    Reichardt, Jasia, Cybernetic Serendiptiy. New York: Praeger 1969
    Rosenberg, M. J. The Cybernetics Of Art : Reason And The Rainbow. New York : Gordon and Breach Science, 1983
    Rosenboom, David, 1976. Biofeedback And The Arts, Results Of Early Experiments. Cambridge: MIT Press - Leonardo Monographs, 1976
    Scholder, Amy  (Editor), with Jordan Crandall. Artistic Practice in the Network.
    Schwartz, Lillian, The Computer Artist's Handbook : Concepts,
    Techniques, And Applications. New York: Norton,1992
    Scott, Jill.  Artists in Labs: Processes of Inquiry.  SpringerWienNewYork, Wien, Austria, 2006
    Seltz, Peter and Krisine Stiles.  Theories and Documents of Contemporary Art.  U of California Press.
    Shanken, Edward. Roy Ascott Writings. U of California Press, Berkeley, 1999
    Sherman, Tom.   Before and After the I-Bomb.  Bamff, 2002
    Sommerer, Christa & Laurent Mignonneeau (eds.) ARt @ Science. New York: Springe:, 1998
    Spalter,Anne Morgan. The Computer in the Visual Arts. Reading: Addison Wesley, 1999
    Spiller, Neil ed.  Cyber-Reader: Critical Writings for the Digital Era. Phaidon
    Gerfried Stocker and Christine Schopf (eds.) Ars Electronica 98: Infowar.
     Traub, Charles H.,Jonathan Lipkin. Realm of the Circuit.
    Triscott,Nicola & Rob la Frenais (ed).  THE ZERO GRAVITY HANDBOOK: A Cultural User's Guide.  Conerhouse publications,2005. 
    Meredith (ed) The Art and Films of Lynn Hershman Leeson: Secret Agetns, Private I. University of California Press, Berkley,  2006..
    Tuchman, Maurice. Art and Technology, New York: Viking, 1971.
    V2.  Making Art of Databases.  V2_ and NAi Publishers. 
    Vesna, Victoria ed.. Database Aesthetics: Art in the Age of Information Overflow. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press,  2007
    van Proyen, Mark.  afterburn: reflections on burning man. U New Mexico Press, 2005
    Walker, James Faure . Painting the Digital River: How an Artist Learned to Love the Computer. Prentice Hall,  2006
    Wands, Bruce.  Art in the Digital Age.  Thames & Hudson
    Wilson, Stephen. Using Computers To Create Art. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall. 1986.
    Wilson, Stephen, Multimedia Design. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall. 1991
    Wardrip-Fruin,   Noah and Nick Montfort, eds.  The New Media Reader.  MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 2003
    Wechsler, Robert.  Motion Tracking -- a practical guide for performing artists.  in production - details
    p2pfoundatio-  Lists of Books  (web 2.0 critique) work culture,

    Net Art/Networks/Web/GPS

    Brown, Paul.  Networks and Artworksthe Failure of the User Friendly Interface
    Tom. Cartographic Cinema. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, 2007
    Curry, Michael.  Digital Places.  Routledge, 1998
    Fourmentraux, Jean-Paul. New forms of creation: art et Internet, CNRS Communication, 2005
    Frieling,Rudolf   and Dieter Daniels.  Medien Kunst Netz/ Media Art Net/ 2 (in English and German). Springer Wien, NewYork, USA, 2006
    Goldberg, Ken. The Robot in the Garden: Telerobotics and Telepistemology on the Internet. Cambridge: MIT Press,2000
    Greene, Rachel.  History of the Internet. Thames & Hudson
    Johnson, Steven.  Interface Culture: How New Technology Transforms the Way We Create and Communicate.  San Francisco: HarperCollins.
    Himanen,Pekka .  the hacker ethic
    Joyce, Michael.  Othermindedness: the Emergence of Network Culture.
    Kac, Eduardo.  Telepresence & Bio Art: Networking Humans, Rabbits and Robots. The University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, Michigan 2005
    Saper, Craig J. Networked Art .University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, MN, U.S.A.,, 2001
    Alan   ed.  Being On Line: Net Subjectivity
    Standage,  Tom .  The Victorian Internet : the remarkable story of the  telegraph and the nineteenth century's on-line pioneers/
    Peter Weibel and Timothy Druckrey (eds). net_condition: art and global media.  Cambridge: MIT Press, 2000.
    Wellman, Barry.  Physical Place and Cyberplace: The Rise of Personalized Networking. 2000
    White, Michele. The Body and the Screen: Theories of Internet Dictatorship. MIT Press, Massachusetts, USA, 2006
    Wilson, Stephen, World Wide Web Design Guide. Indianapolis: Hayden, 1995
    P2p foundation - List of books critiquing Web 2.0

    Digital Performance

    Dixon, Steve.  Digital Performance: A History of New Media in Theater, Dance, Performance Art, and Installation. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2007
    Kozel, Susan. Closer: Performance, Technologies, Phenomenology. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2008
    Wardrip-Fruin,Noah   and Pat Harrigan, Editors. First Person: New Media as Story, Performance and Game

    Philsophical and Sociological Critiques of Science

    Aronowitz, S et al. (eds.) Technoscience and Cyberculture. London: Routledge, 1995
    Babich, Babette. Continental and Postmodern Perspectives on Philosophy of Science. London: Avebury, 1995
    Barnes, B., Bloor, D., & Henry, J. . Scientific knowledge: a sociological analysis. London: The Athalone Press, 1996
    Bleier, Ruth, Feminist Approaches To Science. New York: Pergamon,1988
    Bloor, D. Knowledge and Social Imagery. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2nd ed., 1991.
    Durbin, Paul T.ed, , A Guide to the Culture of Science, Technology, and Medicine. New York: The Free Press, 1977
    Feyerabend, Paul . K. Against Method. London: New Left Books, 1975
    Foucault, Michele. Archaeology of Knowlege. London : Tavistock:, 1972
    Fuller, Steve. , Philosophy of Science and Its Discontents. Conduct of Science Series. Madison: U. of Wisconsin Press,, 1993
    Galgan, Gerald J. .The Logic of Modernity. New York:New York University
    Galison, P & David J. Stump. Disunity of Science. Stanford, Calif. : Stanford University Press, 1996
    Galison, P. and Jones, C. Editors, Picturing Science, Producing Art. London: Routledge, 1988
    Galison, Peter and Emily Thompson, eds.The Architecture of Science. Cambridge: MIT Press,. 1999.
    Galison, Peter. Image and Logic: A Material Culture of Microphysics. University of Chicago Press, 1997
    Gleick, James. Chaos. New York, N.Y., U.S.A. : Viking, 1987
    Griffin, D. Reenchantment of Science. Buffalo: State U of NY Press, 1988
    Gross, Paul R. Norman Levitt, and Martin W. Wise (eds.) The Flight from Science and Reason. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988
    Harding, Sandra. Whose Science? Whose Knowledge? Ithaca: Cornell U Press, 199
    Haraway, Donna Primate Visions: Gender, Race and Nature in the World of Modern Science. London: Routledge, 1989
    Hull, David. Science as a Process: An Evolutionary Account of the Social and Conceptual Development of Science. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1990.
    Ione, Amy.  Nature exposed to our method of questioning.  Diatrope Press, Berekley, ca 2003
    Keller, Evelyn Fox, Reflections on Gender and Science. New Haven: Yale U. Press: 1985
    Kuhn, Thomas. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Chicago: U of Chicago Press, 1970
    Lakatos, I. and A. Musgrave (eds) Criticism and the Growth of Knowledge. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1970
    Latour , Bruno. Science in Action. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1987
    Latour, B. and S. Woolgar Laboratory Life: The Construction of Scientific Facts Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2nd ed., 1986.
    Bruno Latour and Peter Weibel.  Iconoclash: Beyond the image wars in science, religion, and art.
    Laudan, Larry. Progress and Its Problems: Towards a Theory of Scientific Growth. Berkeley:University of California Press, 1977
    Lederer, Susan E. Frankenstein: Penetrating the Secrets of Nature.  Rutgers Univ. Press, New  Brunswick, NJ,, 2002
    Lenoir, T Instituting Science. The Cultural Production of Scientific Disciplines. Stanford: Stanford U. Press, 1997
    Lyotard, Jean-Francois. Postmodern Condition. Manchester: U of Manchester Press, 1984
    Hoyningen-Huene, Paul 1993. Reconstructing Scientific Revolutions: Thomas S. Kuhn's Philosophy of Science. Chicago : University of Chicago Press, 1993
    Margolis, Howard. Paradigms & Barriers : How Habits Of Mind Govern Scientific Beliefs. Chicago : University of Chicago Press, 1993.
    Penley, Constance. NASA/Trek: Popular Science and Sex in America. London: Verso, 1998
    Regis, Ed.  Great Mambo Chicken and the Transhuman Condition:  Science Slightly Over the Edge.
    Rouse, Joseph. Engaging Science: Science Studies after Realism, Rationality, and Social Constructivism. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1996
    Pickering, Andrw (ed). Science as Practice and Culture. Chicago: U of Chicago Press, 1992
    Sheldrake, Rupert.  seven experiments thact could change the world.
    Toulmin, S. Return to Cosmology. Berkeley: U of California Press, 1985
    Turkle,Sherry (ed.). Falling for Science. Objects in Mind. Cambridge:  MIT Press, 2008
    Obrist,Hans Ulrich and Baraabara Vanderlinden. Laboratorium.  DAP/Distributed Art Publishers, new York
    Woolgar, S. .Science: The Very Idea. London Tavistock, 1988.

    Biology, Nature,  Genetics, Alife, Genetic Art, and the Body

    Ackerman, Dianne. Natural History of the Senses. New York : Random House,1990
    Ascott, Roy (ed.)  Engineering Nature: Art & Consciousness in the Post-Biological Era.  Intellect Books, 2005
    Balsamo. A. Technologies of the Gendered Body. Durham: Duke, 1996

    Becker, Robert O. and Andrew Marino , Cross Currents. Los Angele: Jeremy Tarcher, Inc., 1990
    Becker, Robert O. and Gary Selden. Body Electric. New York : Morrow, 1985
    Birke, Lynda and Ruth Hubbard. Reinventing Biology. Bloomington Indiana U. Press, 1995
    Fae and Anthea Callen (eds.)  Art, Sex and Eugenics  Ashgate, Aldershot, Burlington, UK, USA, 2008.
    Bruno Bossis.  La Voix et la Machine: La Vocalite Artificielle dans la Musique
     Contemporaine.   Presses Universitaires de Rennes. Rennes, France, 2005
    Brown, Richard.  Biotica:Art Emergence and Artificial Life.  Art Books International, 2000
    Bulatov, Dmitry.  biomediale: contemporary society and genomic culture.  2005
    Butler, Judith. Bodies that Matter: On the Discursive Limits of "Sex." New York: Routledge. 1993.
    Cartwright, L.  Screening The Body: Tracing Medicine's Visual Culture.
    Carnegie Mellon.  Mapping the Terrain:Environmental Thinking and Art Practice.    link
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    Levy, Pierre.  Electronic Mediations Series, Vol. 4: Cyberculture.  University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis,2002
    Gunnar Liestol, Andrew Morrison and Terje Rasmussen, eds. Digital Media Revisited: Theoretical and Conceptual Innovation in Digital Domains MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 2004
    Lovejoy, Margot, Christiane Paul, Victoria Vesna. eds.  CONTEXT PROVIDERS: Conditions of Meaning in Media Arts . U of Minnesota Press. Minneapolis,2007
    Krysa, Joasia. (ed)  DATA browser 03: Curating Immateriality. Autonomedia, Brooklyn, NY, 2006.
    Lefevre, Wolfgang.  Picturing Machines: 1400-1700
    PaulRealSpace.  Routledge.
    Lister, Martin, Jon dovey, Giddings, Grant, Kelly New Media: A Critical Introduction.  Routledge: New York, 2003
    Lovejoy Margot. Postmodern Currents, Art and Artists in the Age of Electronic Media, Upper Saddle River, N.J.:Prentice Hall, 1997
    Lovink,  Geert.  Dark Fiber: Tracking Critical Internet Culture.  MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 2002
    Lovink,  Geert. Uncanny Networks: Dialogues with the Virtual Intelligentsia.  MIT Press, Cambridg
    Lucky, Robert. Silicon Dreams: Information, Man and Machine, New York: St. Martin's Press, 1989
    Ludlow, Peter. High Noon on the Eelctronic Frontier. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1996
    Lunenfeld, Peter. Digital Dialectic. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1999
    Luenfield, Peter.  Snap to Grid.  MIT Press, 2001
    Luenfield, Peter.  User Info TechDemod.  MIT Press, 2005
    Mander, Jerry. Four Arguments for the Elimination of Television. New York : Morrow, 1978
    Manovich, Lev.  The Language of New Media.  Cambridge: MIT Press, 2001
    Manovich, Lev & Andreas Kratky. SOFT CINEMA: Navigating the Database.(dvd)  Cambridge: MIT Press, 2005
    Massumi, Brian . PARABLES FOR THE VIRTUAL: Movement, affect, sensation.
    Milburn, Colin.  Nanotechnology in the Age of Posthuman Engineering: Science Fiction as Science  2008
    Mitchell,Robert   and Phillip Thurtle, Editors.  Data Made Flesh: Embodying Information  New York: Routledge, 2004
    Morse, Margaret. Virtualities : Television, Media Art, And Cyberculture. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1998
    McCarthy, Kevin F.  and Elizabeth Heneghan Ondaatje.  From Celluloid to Cyberspace: The Media Arts and the Changing Arts World. Rand, Santa Monica, CA, 2002
    McLuhan,Marshall . Understanding Media. Cambridge:The MIT Press, 1994
    Marvin, Carol. When Old Technologies Were New. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 1988
    William J. Mitchell. Me++: The Cyborg Self and the Networked City. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, U.S.A., 200
    Mitchell, William J. City of Bits: Space, Place and the Infobahn, Cambridge: MIT Press,1995

    Mosco, Vincent. THE DIGITAL SUBLIME: MYTH, POWER AND CYBERSPACE. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 2004
    N'gugi, Wa Thiongu.  DeColonizing the Mind.
    Norris, Christopher. What's Wrong with Postmodernism. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1990
    Parikka,Jussi . Digital Contagions: A Media Archaeology of Computer Viruses  (Peter Lang Books, 2007)
    Paul, Christiane (ed). New Media in the White Cube and Beyond: Curatorial Models for Digital Art. University of California Press, Berkeley, London, USA, UK, 2008.
    Penley, Constance & Andrew Ross (eds.). Technoculture.Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1995
    Penny Simon, Critical Issues in Electronic Media, Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 1995
    Pisters, Patricia.  Micropolitics of Media Culture: Reading the Rhizomes of Deleuze and Guattari.
    Robert Pepperell and Michael Punt.  Postdigital Membrane.
    Poster, Mark. Critical Theory and Poststructuralism: In Search of a Context. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1989
    Poster, Mark. The Mode of Information. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1990
    Poster, Mark, The Second Media Revolution. Cambridge: Polity Press:, 1995
    Poster, Mark,  Information Please: Culture and Politics in the Age of Digital Machines. Duke University Press, Durham U.S.A, 2006
    Postman, Neil.Technopoly: The Surrender of Culture to Technology. New York: Vintage,1993
     QuÈau, Philippe.  La planËte des esprits - pour une politique du cyberespace.   Odile Jacob, Paris, 2000
    Roszak, Theodore. The Cult of Information. New York: Pantheon, 1988
    Ronnell, Avital. The Telephone Book: Technology, Schizophrenia, Electronic Space. Omaha: Univ. of Nebraska, 1988
    &&Rucker, Rudy, R.U Sirius and Queen Mu (eds.), Mondo 2000: A User''s Guide to the New Edge,New York, NY: HarperPerennial, c1992
    Stafford, Barbara Maria. Echo Objects: The Cognitive Works of Images.The University of Chicago Press: Chicago USA, 2007.
    Schiffer, Michael Brian.  Power Struggles: Scientific Authority and the Creation of Practical Electricity Before Edison. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2008
    Scott, Jill.  Coded Characters.  Hatje Cantz Publishers, Ostfildern-Ruit, Germany, 2003
    Schwartau, Winn. Information Warfare: Chaos on the Electronic Superhighway. New York: Thunder's Mouth Press, 1994
    Shallis, Michae. The Silicon Idol: The Micro Revolution and its Social Implications. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1984
    Sherman, Tom.  Before and After the I-Bomb: An Artist in theInformation  Environment. Printed Matter, Inc.:
    Smith, Matthew. The Total Work of Art: From Bayreuth to Cyberspace.
    Stabile, Carol A. Feminism and the Technological Fix. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1994
    Stone, Allucquere Rosanne. The War of Desire and Technology at the Close of the Mechanical Age. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1996
    Strohl, Andreas  ed.   Vilem Flusser: Writings.  University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, 2002
    Tawadros, Gilane. Life is More Important Than Art. Ostrich
    Teich,Albert, Technology and the Future, 7th edition. New York : St. Martin's Press, 1997
    Thomas, Douglas.  Hacker Culture,    University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, 2002
    Tofts,Darren  and Annemarie Jonson and Alessio Cavallaro (Eds) Prefiguring Cyberculture: An Intellectual History.  MIT Press, 2003
    Trend, David ed.  Reading Digital Culture.  2000
    Turkle, Sherry. Life on the Screen: Identity in the Age of the Internet. New York: Touchstone Books, 1997
    Turkle, Sherry. Inner History of Devices. Cambridge: MIT Press,2008
    Virilio, Paul. The Aesthetics of Disappearance, trans Philip Beitchman, New York: Semiotext(e), 1991.
    Virilio, Paul. War and Cinema, London: Verson, 1989
    Virilio, Paul. The Vision Machine. London: BFI, 1994
    Virilio,Paul The Lost Dimension. New York : Semiotext(e), 1991
    Wallis, Brian. Art After Postmodernism: Rethinking Representation. New York: New Museum,, 1984
    Webster, F. Theories of the Information Society. London: Routledge, 1995.
    Weizenbaum, Joseph. Computer Power and Human Reason, New York: Pelican, 1976
    Zielinski, Siegfried.  Deep Time of the Media: Towards an Archaeology of Hearing and Seeing by Technical Means. MIT Press. Cambridge, 2006
    Zofia, Z. Whose Second Self? Gender and (Ir)Rationality in Computer Culture. Victoria: Deakin University Press,1993

    Anaylsis of Computer Impact on Society and Specific Digital Technologies

    Aleksander, Igor and Piers Burnett.  Thinking Machines: The Search for Artificial Intelligence.  Oxford:  Oxford University Press, 1987
    Alexsander, Igor . How to Build a Mind: Toward Machines with Imagination.  Columbia Univ. Press, New York,2001
    Battelle, John . The Search: How Google and Its Rivals Rewrote the Rules of Business and Transformed Our Culture. Portfolio Trade, 2006
    Bolter, J. David. Turing's Man: Western Culture in the Computer Age. New York: Penguin, 1984.
    Breazeal,  Cynthia L. Designing Sociable Robots.  MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 2002
    Brook, James and Iain A. Boal (eds) Resisting the Virtual Life: The Culture and Politics of Information . San Francisco : City Lights Press,, 1995
    Brooks, Rodney.  Flesh and Machines: how robots will change life.
    Bruce, Vicki and Andy Young. In the Eye Of the Beholder: the Science of Face Perscepion. New York : Oxford University Press, 1998
    Card, S. K., J. D. Mackinlay, et al. Information Visualization: Using Vision to Think. San Francisco: Morgan-Kaufmann, 1998
    Chesterman, John and Andy Lipman. The Electronic Pirates: DIY Crime of the Century. London: Routledge1988
    Crevier, Daniel. AI: The Tumultuous History of the Search for Artificial Intelligence, New York: Basic Books, 1993
    Cringeley, Robert X. Accidental Empires: How the Boys of Silicon Valley Make Their Millions, Battle Foreign Competition and Still Can't Get a Date, New York: Penguin, 1992
    Critical Art Ensemble. The Electronic Disturbance. New York:Autonomedia,1994
    Critical Art Ensemble. Electronic Civil Disobedience and Other Unpopular Ideas. New York: Autonomedia/Semiotext(e), 1996
    Davies, Paul. The Cosmic Blueprint: Order And Complexity at the Edge of Chaos, New York: Penguin, 1987
    Davis, Erik. Techgnosis: Myth, Magic + Mysticism in the Age of Information.
    New York: Harmony Books, 1998.
    Dourish,Paul. Where the Action Is: The Foundations of Embodied Interaction.   MIT Press, Cambridge, MA,, 2001
    Dreyfus, Hubert L. What Computers Still Can't Do: A Critique of Artificial Reason, Cambridge: MIT Press, 1992
    Dreyfus, Hubert  and Stuart.  Mind Over Machine: The Power of Human Intuition and Expertise in the Era of the Computer.  Free Press.
    Edwards, Paul. The Closed World: Computers and the Politics of Discourse in Cold War America. Cambridge: The MIT Press, 1996
    Erickson, Thomas and David W. McDonalds (eds). HCI Remixed. Reflections on Works That Have Influenced the HCI Community. Cambridge: The MIT Press,2008
    Feathersone, Mike. Undoing Culture: Globalization, Postmodernism and Identity, London: Sage, 1995
    Feathestone, Mike, Scott Lash and Roland Robertson (eds.) Global Modernities, London: Sage,1995.
    Freedman, David H. Brainmakers: How Scientists are Moving Beyond Computers to Create a Rival to the Human Brain. New York: Touchstone, 1994
    Freiberger, Paul and Michael Swain, Fire in the Valley: The Making of the Personal Computer. Berkeley: Osborne/McGraw Hill, 198)
    Dennett, Daniel C. Consciousness Explained. New York: Penguin, 1991
    Lansdale, Mark W. and Thomas C. Ormerod. Understanding Interfaces: A Handbook of Human-Computer Dialogue. San Diego: Academic Press, 1994
    Gardner, Howard , The Mind's New Science: A History of the Cognitive Revolution, rev ed, New York: HarperCollins ,1987
    Gelernter, David , Mirror Worlds, New York: Oxford University Press,1991
    Gelernter, David , The Muse in the Machine: Computers and Creative Thought, London: Fourth Estate,1994
    Gilder, George. Microcosm. New York : Simon and Schuster, 1989
    Goldberg, Ken (ed).  The Robot in the Garden.  Cambridge: MIT Press,1999
    Harasim, Linda M. (ed.) Global Networks: Computers and International Communication, Cambridge: MIT Press, 1993
    Hertz, J.C. Joystick Nation. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1997
    Johnson, Robert.  Margins of Reality.  (mutual influence of the physical and cyber)
    Langton, Christopher (ed).  Proceedings of Artificial Life Conferences.
    Laurel, Brenda.  Utopian Entrepeneur.
    Levinson, Paul.  Mind at Large.
    Levy, Steven. Hackers: Heroes of the Computer Revolution. New York: Anchor Press/ Doubleday, 1984
    Hafner, Katie and John Markoff. Cyberpunk: Outlaws and Hackers on the Computer Frontier. London: Corgi, 1991
    Haugeland, JohnArtificial Intelligence: the Very Idea. Cambridge: MIT Press,1985
    Hiltz, Starr Roxanne and Murray Turoff. The Network Nation: Human Communication Via Computer. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1993
    Hoffstaedter, R and D. Dennett. The Mind's I. New York: Bantam, 1982
    Holzman, Steven R. Digital Mantras: The Languages of Abstract and Digital Worlds. Cambridge: MIT Press,1994
    Ichbiah, Daniel, with Susan L Knepper. The Making of Microsoft: How Bill Gates and His Team Created the World's Most Successful Software Company. Rocklin, CA. Prima Publishing, 1993
    Jones, Steven G. Cybersociety: Computer-Mediated Communication and Community, London: Sage, 1995
    Kurtzman, Joel. The Death of Money: How The Electronic Economy has Destabilized the World's Markets and Created Financial Chaos. New York: Simon and Schuster,1993
    Kurzweil, Raymond (ed.) The Age of Intelligent Machines. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1992
    Kurzweil, Raymond. The Age of Spiritual Machines : When Computers Exceed Human Intelligence. New York: Viking, 1999
    Laurel, Brenda (ed.) , The Art of Human-Computer Interface Design, Reading MA: Addison Wesley, 1990
    Laurel, Brenda. Computers as Theatre. Reading,MA: Addison-Wesley, 1993.
    Levidow, Les and Kevin Robins (eds.) Cyborg Worlds: The Military Information Society. London:Free Association Booksm, 1989,.
    Levy, Pierre. Collective Intelligence : Mankind's Emerging World in Cyberspace. New York: Plenum Press, 1997.
    Levy, Pierre, . Becoming virtual : reality in the Digital Age. New York: Plenum Trade, 1998
    Levy, Steven. Insanely Great: The Life and Times of Macintosh, the Computer that Changed Everything, New York: Penguin, 1994
    Lury, Celia. Cultural Rights: Technology, Legality and Personality. London: Routledge, 1993
    Lyon, David. , The Information Society: Issues and Illusions, Cambridge: Polity, 1988
    Lyon, David. The Electronic Eye: The Rise of Surveillance Society. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1994
    Mann, Steve.  Cyborg:Digital Destiny and Human Possibility in the Age of the Wearable
    Computer.  New York: Randomhouse Doubleday, 2001
    Martin, William J. , The Global Information Society, London: Aslib1995
    Menzel,Peter   and FaithD'Aluisio. Robo sapiens: Evolution of a New Species.  Cambridge: MIT Press, 2001
    Minsky, Marvin The Society of Mind. New York: Simon & Shuster,1986
    Mouseworks.  Contemporary Automata A Continuum .
    Muller, Jorg Design of Intelligent Agents. Berlin: Springer, 1996
    Nancy, Jean Luc. The Inoperative Community. Minneapolis: University of
    Minnesota Press,1991
    Nelson, Theodor. Computer Lib/ Dream Machines. Redmond, Wash.:Tempus Books of Microsoft Press, 1987
    Penrose, Roger. The Emperor's New Mind. New York: Oxford University Press, 1989
    Picard, Rosalind W. Affective Computing. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1997
    Reeves, Byron and Clifford Nass. The Media Equation: How People Treat Computers, Television, and New Media Like Real People and Places. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ Press, 1996
    Shneiderman, Ben. Designing the User Interface: Strategies for Effective Human-Computer Interaction, Second Edition. Menlo Park: Addison-Wesley,1998
    Scholder,Amy and Jordan Crandall (eds.)  INTERACTION: Artistic Practice in the Network.  (Eyebeam Atelier and D.A.P.)
    Scientific American . ??Communications, Computers and Networks: How to Work, Play and Thrive in Cyberspace??, vol.265 no.3, (September, 1991).
    Scientific American. ??The Computer in the 21st Century??, special issue (1995)
    Shields, Rob (ed.) Cultures of Internet: Virtual Spaces, Real Histories, Living Bodies. London: SAGE Publications, 1996
    Silverstone, Roger and Eric Hirsch (eds.) Consuming Technologies: Media and Information in Domestic Spaces. London: Routledge,1992
    MacCabe, Colin (ed.) High Theory, Low Culture. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1993
    Smith, Anthony. From Books to Bytes: Knowledge and Information in the Postmodern Era, London: BFI, 1993
    Sondheim, Alan.  Being on Line.  Lusitania Press, NY
    Sterling, Bruce. The Hacker Crackdown: Law and Disorder on the Electronic Frontier. New York: Penguin, 1992
    Talbot, Stephen.  The Future Does Not Compute.  O'Reilly Books
    Tapscott, Don T and  Anthony D. Williams. Wikinomics: How Mass Collaboration Changes Everything . Portfolio Publishers, 2006
    Thomas,  Douglas.   Hacker Culture.  University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, MN., U.S.A, 2002
    Turkle, Sherry. The Second Self: Computers and the Human Spirit. New York : Simon and Schuster,1984
    Wallace, James and Jim Erickson , Hard Drive: Bill Gates and the Making of the Microsoft Emire New York: Harper Business,1992
    Wasko, Janet Hollywood in the Information Age, Cambridge: Polity, 1994
    Watson, Mark. AI Agents in Virtual Reality Worlds. New York: Wiley, 1996
    Webster, Frank, Theories of the Information Society. London:Routledge, 1995
    Wiener, Norbert. Cybernetics or, Control and Communication in the Animal amd the Machine. Cambridge: MIT Press,1948
    Wiener, Norbert. The Human Use of Human beings: Cybernetics and Society. London:Free Association Books, 1989



    Ban Burnham,  Supercade: A Visual History of the Videogame Age.  Cambriidge:  MIT press, 2001
    M. Bittanti, D. Quaranta (a cura di), GameScenes. Art in the Age of Videogames, Milano, Johan & Levi 2006
    Andy Clarke and Grethe Mitchell.  Videogames and Art (2007). Intellect Books..
    Joline Blais and Jon Ippolito.  At the Edge of Art.  (chapter on deep play.)  Thames and Hudson (2006)
    Flanagan, Mary   and Austin Booth. re:skin   MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA, 2007
    Kelman, Nic.  Video Game Art. Assouline, 2006
    Kafai,Y.B,  C. Heeter, J. Denner and J. Y. Sun (eds.) Beyond Barbie & Mortal Kombat. New Perspectives on Gender and Gaming..  MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA, 2008
    Raessens,Joost and Jeffrey Goldstein eds. Handbook of Computer Game Studies. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 2005
    Taylor, T.L.  Play Between World: Exploring Online Game Culture. MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA 2006.

    Hypermedia, Interactive Narrative, Database Art

    Amerika, Mark. META/DATA: A Digital PoeticsCambridge: MIT Press, 2006
    Aronowitz, Stanley, Barbara Martinsons and Michael Menser (eds.) Technoscience and Cyberculture London: Routledge,1996
    Barrett, Edward (ed.) The Society of Text: Hypertext, Hypermedia and the Social Construction of Information, Cambridge: MIT Press, 1989
    Birketts, Sven. Gutenberg Elegies: The Fate of Reading in an Electronic Age, London: Faber, 1994
    Claire,Bishop, ed. Participation in Art: 1960 to 1975. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2006
    Anna Best, Yvonne Dröge Wendel, Nikolaus Gansterer, Lino Hellings, Mine Kaylan and Klaas Kuitenbrouwer, Wietske Maas. Architecture of Interaction.
    Bolter, Jay.  Writing Sapce: Computer, Hypertext and History of Writing.
    Cotter, Bob and Richard Ellver (eds).  Understanding Hypermedia.  Phaidon Press
    Coyne, Richard, Designing Information Technology in the Postmodern Age, From Method to Metaphor, Cambridge: MIT Press, Leonardo Book Series, 1996
    Coyne, Richard. Technoromanticism: Digital narrative, Holism and the Romance of the Real. Cambridge: MIT Press, Leonardo Book Series, 1999
    Delany, Paul and George P Landow (eds.) Hypermedia and Literary Studies Cambridge: MIT Press, 1991
    Douglas, J. Yellowlees. The End of Books--or Books Without End?: Reading Interactive Narratives.   University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, MI,  2001
    Frid-Jimenez, Amber . Leave Any Noise at the Signal: Participation Art Online. MIT Thesis
    Gumbrecht, Hans Ulrich and K Ludwig Pfeiffer (eds.) Materialities of Communication, trans William Whobrey. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1994
    Heim, Michael. Electric Language: A Philosophical Study of Word Processing. New Haven: Yale University Press,1987
    Hayles, Katerine.  Writing Machines,  MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 2002
    Joyce, Michael. Of Two Minds : Hypertext Pedagogy and Poetics. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1995
     Kafa,Yasmin B.i, Carrie Heeter, Jill Denner and Jennifer Y. Sun (eds.) Beyond Barbie & Mortal Kombat: New Perspectives on Gender and Gaming.
    Varnelis,Kazys (ed) Networked Public Culture. Cambridge: MIT Press, Leonardo Book Series,2009
    Landow, George P. Hypertext: The Convergence of Contemporary Critical Theory and Technology. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992
    Landow, George P.  Hypertext 2.0:  The Convergence of Contemporary Critical Theory and Technology.
    Landow, George P (ed.) Hyper/Text/Theory. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994
    Landow, George P and Paul Delaney (eds.). The Digital Word: Text-Based Computing in the Humanities. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1993
    Lanham, Richard A. The Electric Word: Democracy, Technology and the Arts. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993
    Liu,  Alan.  Local Transcendence: Essays on Postmodern Historicism and the Database.  University of Chicago Press, Chicago, USA, 2008
    Margot Lovejoy, Christiane Paul, Victoria Vesna. CONTEXT PROVIDERS: Conditions of Meaning in Media Arts. U of Minnesota Press, 2007
    Meadows, Mark.   Pause & Effect: The Art of Interactive Narrative. New Riders, Indianapolis, IA, U.S., 2002  information
    Morris, Adalaide, Thomas Swiss(eds) New Media Poetics: Contexts, Technotexts and Theories. MIT Press, Massachusetts, 2006.
    Murray, Janet H. Hamlet on the Holodeck : The Future of Narrative in Cyberspace. New York: Free Press, 1997
    Neilson, Jakob. Multimedia and Hypertext: The Internet and Beyond. Cambridge, MA, AP Professional, 1996
    Sommerer, Christa , Laurent Mignonneau and Dorothee King (eds.) Interface Cultures: Artistic Aspects of Interaction. Transcript Verlag, Bielefeld, Germany, 2008
    Tuman, Myron C (ed.) Literacy Online: The Promise (and Peril) of Reading and Writing on Computers. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1992

    Reflections on Digital Aesthetics, Video, Cinema, Future Cinema

    Ben Shaul, Nitzan . Hyper-Narrative Interactive Cinema. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2008
    D'Agostino, Peter and David Tafler (eds.) Transmission: Theory and Practice for a New Television Aesthetics, rev ed., New York: Sage,1995.
    Conley, Tom .  Cartographic Cinema. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota Press, 2006
    Couchot, Edmond. La technologie dans l??art; de la photographie la reealite virtuelle, Paris: Ed Jacqueline Chambon, 1998

    Dovey, Jon (ed.) Fractal Dreams: New Media in Social Context. London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1996
    Hall, Doug and Sally-Jo Fifer (eds.) Illuminating Video: An Essential Guide to Video Art, New York: Aperture/Bay Area Video Coalition, 1990
    Hayward, Philip and Tana Wollen (eds.) Future Visions: New Technologies of the Screen. London: BFI , 1993,
    Le Grice,Malcolm. Experimental Cinema in the Digital Age. Berkeley:University of California Press,2002
    Lister, Martin. The Photographic Image in Digital Culture. London: Routledge, 1995
    Lev Manovich and Andreas Kratky. Soft Cinema: Navigating the Database. MIT PRess, 2005 (dvd)
    Mitchell, William J. The Reconfigured Eye: Visual Truth in the Post-Photographic Era, Cambridge: MIT Press, 1992
    Murray, Timothy. Digital Baroque: New Media Art and Cinematic Folds  University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, London, USA, UK, 2008
    Ritchin, Fred. In Our Own Image: The Coming Revolution in Photography. New York: Aperture Foundation, 1990.
    Shaw,Jeffrey<> & Peter Weibel.(eds.) Future cinema: the cinematic imaginary after film. ZKM, Karlsruhe; Cambrige: <>MIT Press. 2003
    Spielmann, Yvonne. Video: The Reflexive Medium. Cambridge: MIT Press,
    <>* Wombell, Paul (ed.) Photovideo: Photography in the Age of the Computer, London: Rivers Oram Press,1991

    Virtual Reality

    Benedikt, Michael (ed.) Cyberspace: First Steps, Cambridge: MIT Press, 1994
    Franck , Karen A   When I Enter Virtual Reality, What Body Will I Leave Behind?
    Heim, Michael. The Metaphysics of Virtual Reality. New York : Oxford University Press, 1993
    Helsel, S.K. and J.P. Roth (eds.) Virtual Reality: Theory, Practice and Promise, Westport Conn: Meckler, 1991
    Loeffler, Carl, 1994. Virtual Reality Casebook. New York: Van Norstrand, 1994
    Markley, Robert (ed.) Virtual Realities and their Discontents. .Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996
    Morley, David and Kevin Robins. Spaces of Identity: Global Media, Electronic Landscapes and Cultural Boundaries. London:Routledge, 1995
    McRobert,   Laurie. Char Davies' Immersive Virtual Art and the Essence of Spatiality. U of Toronto Press, 2008
    Moser, Mary & Douglas MacLeod. Immersed in Technology. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1996
    Pool, Ithiel de Sola. Technology Without Boundaries: On Telecommunications in a Global Age, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1990
    Rhinegold, H , Virtual Reality, New York: Simon and Schuster, 1991
    Shuler, Douglas. New Community Networks: Wired for Change. Reading MA: Addison Wesley,1996
    Thalmann, Nadia Magenat and Daniel Thalmann. Virtual Worlds and Multimedia, New York: John Wiley, 1993
    Benjamin Woolley, Virtual Worlds: A Journey in Hype and Hyperreality . Oxford: Blackwell, 1992

    Sound Arts

    (see also art and technology/art and computers section above for computer music books)
    Apple, Jacki and Helen Thorington. Breaking The Broadcast Barrier. Radio Art 1980-1994 . New York: New American Radio, 1996
    Augaitis, Daina and Dan Lander. Radio Rethink. Banff: Walter Phillips Gallery, 1994
    Barry Blesser and Linda-Ruth Salter - Spaces Speak, Are You Listening?   MIT Press.  Cambridge,
    Birdsall,Carolyn and Anthony Enns (eds.).Sonic Mediations: Body Sound Technology Cambridge Scholars Publishing, Newcastle, UK, 2008.
    Braun, Hans-Joachim.  Music and Technology in the Twentieth Century.  Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, Baltimore, 2002
    Evens, Aden.  Sound Ideas: Music, Machines, and Experience. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, 2005
    Galeyev, Bulat (ed). Prostranstvennaja Musica (Spatial Music). FAN Publishers, Kazan, Russia, 2004
    Holmes, Thom . Electronic and Experimental Music: Technology, Music, and Culture (Third Edition). Routledge, New York, London, USA, UK, 2008.
    Kahn, Douglas and Gregory Whitehead (eds). Wireless Imagination. Cambridge: MIT Press:, 1992
    Kahn, Douglas.  Noise, Water, Meat: A History of sound in the Arts.  MIT Press, 2001
    Weiss, Allen (ed.)  Experimental Sound and Radio.  MIT Press, 2001

    Social Intervention

    Nicholas Bourriaud. Relational Aesthetics. 1998
    Grant Kester. Conversation Pieces. 2004 
    Ted Purves. What We Want is Free.
    Claire Bishop. Participation
    Darren O'Donnel Social Acupuncture
    Claire Bishop.  "Antagonism and Relational Aesthetics" October (2004)
    Claire Bishop. "Social Turn" Artforum (2006)

    rev 2/27/10