Bibliography - Art, Science,Technology

  • Artists' Work 
  • Art Festivals, Competitions, & Shows 
  • Art Organizations, Journals, Research Centers, Research Organizations, Aternative Science 
  • Online Essays - Theory Resources - Syllabi 
  • Introduction to Emerging Research Areas of Interest to Artists (Technological & Artistic research in GPS,Biotechnology, Biosensors, Materials Science, Wearable Computing, Ubiquitous Computing, etc)
  • Bibliography in Art, Science, and Technolgy  ****this document **** 



    Compiled by Stephen Wilson, Professor, CIA Program , Art Dept, San Francisco State University
    ###Note these links are part of the research for Wilson's  book Informati on Arts (MIT Press, late summer, 2002). Please see the book formore details about the artists, organizations, and texts listed in these links and for extended analysis of the relationship of art and research.  The links are constantly being revised and suggestions are welcomed. Feel free to use these resources but please attribute source. Copyright, 1999-2004 Stephen Wilson.

    Art & Science, Art & Mathematics

    Ascott, Roy.  Technoetic Arts.
    Ascott, Roy (ed)  Art, Technology, Consciousness: Mind @ Large.
    Benthall, Jonathan, Science and technology in art today. New York: Praeger,1972
    Bijvoet, Marga, Art as inquiry : toward new collaborations between art, science, and technology. New York: Peter Lang, 1997.
    Bronowski, Jacob. The Visionary Eye : Essays in the Arts, Literature and Science. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1978
    Bronowski, J acob. Ascent of Man. Boston: Little, Brown,1974
    Burke, James. Connection. Boston: Little Brown, c1978
    Caglioti, G. Dynamics of Ambiguity. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1992
    Cassidy, Harold Gomes,The sciences and the arts; a new alliance. New York: Harper, 1962
    Clarke, Bruce   and Linda Dalrymple Henderson (eds.).  From Energy to Information: Representation in Science and Technology, Art, and Literature  Stanford: Stanford  University Press, 2002
    Curtin, D.W. (ed.) The Aesthetic Dimesnion of Science New York: Philsophical Library, 1982
    Emmer, Michele. Visual Mind: Art and Mathematics. Cambridge : MIT Press, 1993
    Field, J.V. Science in Art: Works in the National Gallery that Illustrate the History of Science and Technology. Stanford in the Vale: British Society for the History of Science, 1997
    Frankel, Felice.  Envisioning Science: The Design and Craft of the Science Image.  Cambridge: MIT Press,  2002
    Gould,Stephen Jay and Rosamond Purcell. Crossing Over: Where Art and Science Meet.
    Graubard, S. Art & Science. New York: Daedalus, 1988.
    Hartal, Paul, The Brush And The Compass : The Interface Dynamics of Art and Science. Lanham: University Press of America,1988.
    Herdeg, Walter, The Artist In The Service Of Science. .Z??rich:he Graphis Press, 1973
    Henderson, Linda Dayrymple. The Fourth Dimension and Non-Euclidean Geometries in Modern Art, Princeton: Princeton U. Press, 1993
    Hoffmann, Roald and Vivian Torrence.  Chemistry Imagined.  (Smithsonian Institution Press).
    Ivens, W. Art and Geometry. Cambridge: Cambridge U. Press, 1986
    Jacob, Opper. Science and the Arts; A Study in Relationships from 1600-1900. Rutherford [N.J.] Fairleigh Dickinson University Press [1973]
    Johnson, Martin, Art and Scientific Thought; Historical Studies Towards a Modern Revision of Their Antagonism. New York: AMS Press, 1970
    Kemp, Martin. THE SCIENCE OF ART: Optical Themes in Western Art from Brunelleschi to Seurat, 1992
    Kemp, Martin.  Visualizations: The Nature Book of Art and Sceince, UC Press, 2001
    Kepes, Gyorgy. Structure in Art and in Science. New York:G. Braziller,1965
    Kepes, Gyorgy. New Landscape in Art & Science. Chicago, P. Theobald. 1956
    Krawczyk, Robert.  The Art of Spirolaterals.
    Leyton, Michael A Generative Theory of Shape.  Springer-Verlag
    Maeda.,John.  Design by Numbers.  Cambridge, MA:MIT Press, 1999
    Meyers, A.  Art and science in America: Issues of Representation
    McConnell, R.B. Art, Science, and Human Progress. New York: Universe Books, 1987
    Miller, A. I. Insights of Genius: Imagery and Creativity in Science and Art. New York : Springer Vertag,1996
    Miller, A.  Einstein Picasso: Space, Time, and the Beauty that Causes Havoc 2002
    Pollock, Martin (ed,) Common Denominators in Art and Science. Aberdeen: Aberdeen University Press, 1983
    Eileen Reeves. Painting the Heavens: Art and Science in the Age of Galileo. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press,1997
    Richardson, John. Modern Art and Scientific Thought. Urbana, University of Illinois Press, 1971
    Rothstein, Edward. Emblems of Mind: The Inner Life of Music and Mathematics. New York: Times Books, 1995
    Rhodes, L. Science Within Art. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1980
    Rhys, Henry (ed). 17th Century Science and the Arts. Princeton: Princeton U PRess, 1961
    Richardson, John Adkins, Modern Art and Scientific Thought. Urbana: University of Illinois Press,1971
    Rieser, Dolf, Art and Science. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1972
    Ross, Alan Strode Campbell(ed) Arts vs. Science: a Collection Of Essays. London, Methuen, 1967
    Schlain, Leonard. Art and Physics. New York: Morrow, 1991
    Shanken, Edward A..   Telematic Embrace:  Visionary Theories of Art Technology and Consciousness.  UC Press, 2003
    Shirley, John W. F. and David Hoeniger. Science and the Arts in the Renaissance. London : Associated University Presses, 1985
    Sakane, I.   Kakuchou Sareta Jigen: Geijutsu to Kagaku no Soukoku wo Koete (The Expanded Dimension: Beyond the Conflicts of Art and Science).   NTT Publishing, Tokyo, Japan, 2003  (Japanese)
    Simonton, Keith.  Origins of Genius: Darwinian Perspectives on Creativity.
    Siukone, Jyrki.  Uplifted Spirits, Earthbound Machines: Studies on Artists and the Dream of Flight, 1900--1935.  Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura, Helsinki, Finland, 2001
    Smith, Cyril Stanley. From Art to Science: Seventy-Two Objects Illustrating the Nature of Discovery. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1980
    Smith, Cyril Stanley. A Search for Structure : Selected Essays on Science, Art, and History. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1983
    Snow, C.P. The Two Cultures and the Scientific Revolution Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1959
    Strosberg, Elaine.  Art and Science.  Abbeville Press,2001
    Tauber, Alfred. The Elusive Synthesis : Aesthetics and Science. Boston : Kluwer, 1996
    Tofts,Darren , et. al. eds. Prefiguring Cyberculture: An Intellectual History.  MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, U.S.A., 2002.
    Vitz, Paul C.,1984. Modern Art And Modern Science : The Parallel Analysis Of Vision. New York: Praeger, 1984.
    Waddington, Conrad Hal., 1970. Behind Appearance; a Study Of The Relations Between Painting And The Natural Sciences In This Century. Cambridge:, MIT Press 1970
    Wagner, Cahterine. Art and Science: Investigating Matter. St. Louis: Nazereli Press , 1996
    Washburn, Dorothy and Donald Crow. Symmetries of Culture. Seattle : University of Washington Press, 1988
    Weschler, Judith (ed.). On Aesthetics in Science. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1979
    Wilson, Stephen. Great Moments in Art and Science (forthcoming)
    Wilson, Stephen.  Information Arts: Intersections of Art, Science, and Technology.  Cambridge:, MIT Press 2001
    Zee, Anthony. Fearful Symetry. The Search for Beauty in Modern Physics. New York: MacMillan, 1986.
    ZKM.  Catalog: Iconoclash: Beyond the Image Wars in Science, Religion and Art. 2002   info

    Art and Technology, Art and Computers, Networks

    ACM, Special Interest Group on Computer Graphics (SIGGRAPH). Visual Proceedings (Including Art Show Catalogs), 1980 - 1999
    Arnould, Jacques.  La seconde chance d'Icare. Pour une Èthique de l'Espace, Les Editions du Cerf, Paris, 2001
    Ars Electronica. Cyberarts: (Catalogs of Symposium and Prix Awards). 1990-1999
    M. Balaban, K. Ebcioglu, and O. Laske (eds.) Music with AI: Perspectives on Music Cognition Cambridge: MIT Press,1992
     Beardon , Colin and Lone Malmborg, eds Digital Creativity: Innovations in Art and Design.  Swets & Zeitlinger,Lisse, The Netherlands, 2002
    Berger, Ren?? and Lloyd Eby (eds.) Art and Technology. New Yor : Paragon House Publishers,1986
    Bredekamp, Horst, The Lure Of Antiquity And The Cult Of The Machine. Princeton: Markus Wiener Publishers, 1995
    BUREAUD, Annick & Nathalie MAGNAN. CONNEXIONS : art - rÈseaux - media
    Burnham, Jack. Beyond Modern Sculpture. New York: G. Braziller, 1968
    Burnett, Robert and P. David Marshall. Web Theory.  Routledge: New York, 2003
    Cohen, Harold (written with Pamela McCorduck) . Aaron's Code: Meta-Art, Artificial Intelligence, and the Work of Harold Cohen.
    Cope, David. Computers and Musical Style. Madison: A-R Editions, 1991
    Cope, David. Experiments in Musical Intelligence. Madison: A-R Editions, 1996
    Davis, Douglas. Art And The Future; a History/Prophecy Of The Collaboration Between Science, Technology, And Art. New York: Praeger, 1973
    Deken, Joseph. Computer Images : State Of The Art. New York : Stewart, Tabori & Chang Publishers, 1983
    Edmonds, Ernest and Linda Candy.  Explorations in Art and Technology.  Springer, 2002
    Francastel,Pierre  (translated by Randall Cherry).  Art and Technology in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries.  Cambridge: MIT Press, 1999
    Franke, Herbert W. Computer Graphics - Computer Art. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1984
    Frieling, Rudolf  & Dieter Daniels. Media Art Interaction: The 1980s and 1990s in Germany.
    Frankel, Feliceand George Whitesides. On The Surface of Things. New York: Chronicle Books, 1997
    Goldberg, Ken. The Robot in the Garden: Telerobotics and Telepistemology on the Internet. Cambridge: MIT Press,2000
    Goodman, Cynthia. Digital Vision. New York: Abrams Publishers, 1987
    Harris, Craig. Art & Innovation. (Xerox PARC Artist in Residence program) Cambridge: MIT Press, 1999
     L'Harmattan,ed. Technoromantisme,   Collection Esthtiques, Paris, 2003,
    Hayles, Katherine.  Nanonculture Implications of the New Technoscience..  Intellect Books, 2003
    Hiltzik, Michael.  Dealers of Lightning (Xerox Parc).  Harper Business
    Hopkins, Bart (ed.) Gravikords, Whirlies and Pyrophones: Experimental Musical Instruments. San Francisco: Ellipsis Arts, 1996
    Jacobson,Linda ed., Cyberarts: Exploring Art & Technology. San Francisco: Miller Freeman, 1992
    Johnson, Steven.  Interface Culture: How New Technology Transforms the Way We Create and Communicate.  San Francisco: HarperCollins.
    Joyce, Michael.  Othermindedness: the Emergence of Network Culture.
    Kluver, Billy, J. Martin, B. Rose (eds), Pavilion:Experiments in Art and Technology. New York: E. P. Dutton, 1972
    Kranz, Stewart. Science and Technology in the Arts: A Tour Through the Realm of Science/Art. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., 1974.
    Kriesche, Richard. Teleskulptur. Graz, Austria: Kulturdata, 1993
    Krueger, Myron, Artificial Reality II. Reading, Mass. : Addison-Wesley, 1991
    Latham,William and Stephen Todd. Evolutionary Art and Computers. New York: Academic Press: 1992
    Laurel, B. 1991. Computers as Theatre. Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley Pub., c1991
    Leavitt, Ruth, 1976. Artist and Computer. New York : Harmony Books, 1976
    Leopoldseder,Hannes  and Christine Schopf. CyberArts 2001.  Springer, Vienna, Austria, and New York, NY,  2001  (Documentation of Ars Electronica Prix competitions, other years also avaialable)
    Lievrouw, Leah A  and Sonia Livingstone, The Handbook of New Media
    Loveless, Richard. The Computer Revolution and the Arts. Tampa : University of South Florida Press, 1989
    Maeda, John. Design by Numbers. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 1999
    Malina, Frank J. (ed.) Kinetic Art. New York: Dover Publications, 1974
    Malina, Frank J.(ed.) Visual Art, Mathematics And Computers Oxford ; New York : Pergamon Press, 1979
    New Media Art: Practice and Content in the UK 1994-2004 .  Arts Council England and Cornerhouse Publications, 2004  info
    Stuart Mealing, ed.  Computers & Art.  Intellect, Bristol, U.K., 2003
    Mitchell,William J..  Alan. S. Inouye and Marjory S. Blumenthal.  Beyond Productivity Information Technology, Innovation, and Creativity  National Academy of Science, Washington, 2003
    Moles, Abraham. Art and Technology. Urbana, University of Illinois Press, 1966
    Mulder, Arjen  and Maaike.  Book for the Electronic Arts.  V2. Rotterdam, 2001
    Orvell, Miles, After The Machine : Visual Arts And The Erasing Of Cultural Boundaries. Jackson : University Press of Mississippi, 1995
    Randall Packer and Ken Jordan(eds).  Multimedia: From Wagner to Virtual Reality.  WWNorton,2001
    Paul, Chistiane.  Digital Arts .  Thames and Hudson Ltd. London, 2003
    Pickover, Clifford. Computers and the Imagination : Visual Adventures Beyond The Edge. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1991
    Pickover, Clifford A. Visions of the Future : Art, Technology, And Computing Inthe Twenty-first Century. New York : St. Martin's Press, 1992
    Poissant Louise, Esth??tique des Arts M??diatiques. Presses de l'Universit?? du Qu??bec, Montreal: Collection Esth??tique, 1995
    Popper, F. 1976. Art, Action and Participation. New York : New York University Press, 1975
    Popper, F. 1981. Electra. Paris: Musee d??Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, 1983
    Popper, Frank. Art of the Electronic Age. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1993.
    Reichardt, Jasia, The Computer in Art. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold 1971
    Reichardt, Jasia, Cybernetic Serendiptiy. New York: Praeger 1969
    Rosenberg, M. J. The Cybernetics Of Art : Reason And The Rainbow. New York : Gordon and Breach Science, 1983
    Rosenboom, David, 1976. Biofeedback And The Arts, Results Of Early Experiments. Cambridge: MIT Press - Leonardo Monographs, 1976
    Salen, Katie  and Eric Zimmerman. The Rules of Play.  MIT Press, 2003
    Schwartz, Lillian, The Computer Artist's Handbook : Concepts,
    Techniques, And Applications. New York: Norton,1992
    Scaruffi , Piero .  Thinking About Thought: Towards a unifed understanding of Mind, Life, and Matter: A Primer on the New Science of Mind.  Writers Club Press, Lincoln, NE, U.S.A., 2003
    Seltz, Peter and Krisine Stiles.  Theories and Documents of Contemporary Art.  U of California Press.
    Shanken, Edward. Roy Ascott Writings. U of California Press, Berkeley, 1999
    Sherman, Tom.   Before and After the I-Bomb.  Bamff, 2002
    Sommerer, Christa & Laurent Mignonneeau (eds.) ARt @ Science. New York: Springe:, 1998
    Spalter,Anne Morgan. The Computer in the Visual Arts. Reading: Addison Wesley, 1999
    Spiller, Neil ed.  Cyber-Reader: Critical Writings for the Digital Era. Phaidon
    Gerfried Stocker and Christine Schopf (eds.) Ars Electronica 98: Infowar.
    Tuchman, Maurice. Art and Technology, New York: Viking, 1971.
    V2.  Making Art of Databases.  V2_ and NAi Publishers.
    Wilson, Stephen. Using Computers To Create Art. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall. 1986.
    Wilson, Stephen, Multimedia Design. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall. 1991
    Wardrip-Fruin,   Noah and Nick Montfort, eds.  The New Media Reader.  MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 2003

    Web Art, Telecommunications

    Ascott, R. and Carl Loeffler. "Connectivity".   Special Telecommunications Issue of Leonardo, Leonardo, 24(2), 1991
    Gauntlett, David   and Ross Horsley eds. Web Studies2  Oxford University Press, NY, 2004  -
    Greene, Rachel.  Internet Art.  Thames & Hudson, London, 2004
    Christoph Keller Circles: Socializing, Networking & Peer-Grouping in Contemporary Art  Revolver/ZKM 2002.
    Lovink,  Geert.  Dark Fiber: Tracking Critical Internet Culture.  MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 2002
    Lovink,  Geert. Uncanny Networks: Dialogues with the Virtual Intelligentsia.  MIT Press, Cambridg
    Lovink, Geert .  My First Recession, Critical Internet Culture in Transition.  V2
    Saper, Craig J.  Networked Art .University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, MN, U.S.A.,2001
    Scholder, Amy  (Editor), with Jordan Crandall. Artistic Practice in the Network.
    Standage,  Tom .  The Victorian Internet : the remarkable story of the  telegraph and the nineteenth century's on-line pioneers/
    Peter Weibel and Timothy Druckrey (eds). net_condition: art and global media.  Cambridge: MIT Press, 2000.
    Wilson, Stephen, World Wide Web Design Guide. Indianapolis: Hayden, 1995

    Philsophical and Sociological Critiques of Science

    Aronowitz, S et al. (eds.) Technoscience and Cyberculture. London: Routledge, 1995
    Babich, Babette. Continental and Postmodern Perspectives on Philosophy of Science. London: Avebury, 1995
    Barnes, B., Bloor, D., & Henry, J. . Scientific knowledge: a sociological analysis. London: The Athalone Press, 1996
    Bleier, Ruth, Feminist Approaches To Science. New York: Pergamon,1988
    Bloor, D. Knowledge and Social Imagery. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2nd ed., 1991.
    Durbin, Paul T.ed, , A Guide to the Culture of Science, Technology, and Medicine. New York: The Free Press, 1977
    Feyerabend, Paul . K. Against Method. London: New Left Books, 1975
    Foucault, Michele. Archaeology of Knowlege. London : Tavistock:, 1972
    Fuller, Steve. , Philosophy of Science and Its Discontents. Conduct of Science Series. Madison: U. of Wisconsin Press,, 1993
    Galgan, Gerald J. .The Logic of Modernity. New York:New York University
    Galison, P & David J. Stump. Disunity of Science. Stanford, Calif. : Stanford University Press, 1996
    Galison, P. and Jones, C. Editors, Picturing Science, Producing Art. London: Routledge, 1988
    Galison, Peter and Emily Thompson, eds.The Architecture of Science. Cambridge: MIT Press,. 1999.
    Galison, Peter. Image and Logic: A Material Culture of Microphysics. University of Chicago Press, 1997
    Gleick, James. Chaos. New York, N.Y., U.S.A. : Viking, 1987
    Griffin, D. Reenchantment of Science. Buffalo: State U of NY Press, 1988
    Gross, Paul R. Norman Levitt, and Martin W. Wise (eds.) The Flight from Science and Reason. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988
    Harding, Sandra. Whose Science? Whose Knowledge? Ithaca: Cornell U Press, 199
    Haraway, Donna Primate Visions: Gender, Race and Nature in the World of Modern Science. London: Routledge, 1989
    Hull, David. Science as a Process: An Evolutionary Account of the Social and Conceptual Development of Science. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1990.
    Ione, Amy.  Nature exposed to our method of questioning.  Diatrope Press, Berekley, ca 2003
    Keller, Evelyn Fox, Reflections on Gender and Science. New Haven: Yale U. Press: 1985
    Kuhn, Thomas. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Chicago: U of Chicago Press, 1970
    Lakatos, I. and A. Musgrave (eds) Criticism and the Growth of Knowledge. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1970
    Latour , Bruno. Science in Action. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1987
    Latour, B. and S. Woolgar Laboratory Life: The Construction of Scientific Facts Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2nd ed., 1986.
    Bruno Latour and Peter Weibel.  Iconoclash: Beyond the image wars in science, religion, and art.
    Laudan, Larry. Progress and Its Problems: Towards a Theory of Scientific Growth. Berkeley:University of California Press, 1977
    Lederer, Susan E. Frankenstein: Penetrating the Secrets of Nature.  Rutgers Univ. Press, New  Brunswick, NJ,, 2002
    Lenoir, T Instituting Science. The Cultural Production of Scientific Disciplines. Stanford: Stanford U. Press, 1997
    Lyotard, Jean-Francois. Postmodern Condition. Manchester: U of Manchester Press, 1984
    Hoyningen-Huene, Paul 1993. Reconstructing Scientific Revolutions: Thomas S. Kuhn's Philosophy of Science. Chicago : University of Chicago Press, 1993
    Margolis, Howard. Paradigms & Barriers : How Habits Of Mind Govern Scientific Beliefs. Chicago : University of Chicago Press, 1993.
    Penley, Constance. NASA/Trek: Popular Science and Sex in America. London: Verso, 1998
    Regis, Ed.  Great Mambo Chicken and the Transhuman Condition:  Science Slightly Over the Edge.
    Rouse, Joseph. Engaging Science: Science Studies after Realism, Rationality, and Social Constructivism. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1996
    Pickering, Andrw (ed). Science as Practice and Culture. Chicago: U of Chicago Press, 1992
    Sheldrake, Rupert.  seven experiments thact could change the world.
    Toulmin, S. Return to Cosmology. Berkeley: U of California Press, 1985
    Obrist,Hans Ulrich and Baraabara Vanderlinden. Laboratorium.  DAP/Distributed Art Publishers, new York
    Woolgar, S. .Science: The Very Idea. London Tavistock, 1988.

    Biology, Nature, Ecology, Alife, and the Body

    Ackerman, Dianne. Natural History of the Senses. New York : Random House,1990
    Balsamo. A. Technologies of the Gendered Body. Durham: Duke, 1996
    Becker, Robert O. and Andrew Marino , Cross Currents. Los Angele: Jeremy Tarcher, Inc., 1990
    Becker, Robert O. and Gary Selden. Body Electric. New York : Morrow, 1985
    Birke, Lynda and Ruth Hubbard. Reinventing Biology. Bloomington Indiana U. Press, 1995
    Brown, Richard.  Biotica:Art Emergence and Artificial Life.  Art Books International, 2000
    Butler, Judith. Bodies that Matter: On the Discursive Limits of "Sex." New York: Routledge. 1993.
    Cartwright, L.  Screening The Body: Tracing Medicine's Visual Culture.
    Cassirer, D. The Individual and the Cosmos in Renaissance Philosophy. (University of Pennsylvania Press, 1972
    Crary, Jonathan and Sanford Kwinter, Incorporations. London:Verso, 1992
    Danto, Arthur.  The Body/Body Problem: Selected Essays.  Univ. of California Press, Berkeley, CA,  2002
    Deitch, Jeffrey. Post Human. New York: DAP, 1992
    Dion, Mark and Alexis Rockman. Concrete Jungle. New York: Re/Search - Juno Books, 1996
    Timothy Druckrey (ed).  Ars Electronica:  Facing the Future.
    Elder, Klaus. Social Construction of Nature. London: Sage, 1996)
    Evernden, Neil. Social Creation of Nature. (Johns Hopkins Press: Baltimore, 1992
    Fabrega, Horaciao. Evolution of Sickness and Healing.Berkeley : U of California Press:, 1997
    Favazza,Armando. Bodies Under Siege, Self-mutilation and Body Modification in Culture and Psychiatry. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, 1996
    Foucault, Michel History of Sexuality. New York : Pantheon Books, 1978
    Foucault, Michel. Birth of the Clinic. New York, Pantheon Books, 1973
    Gallaher, C. and T. Laqueur. Making of the Modern Body. Berkeley: Univesity of California Press, 1987
    Geary, James.  The Body Electric: An Anatomy of the New Bionic Senses.  Rutgers Univ. Press, New Brunswick, 2002
    Gare, Arran. Postmodernism and the Environmental Crisis. New York: Routledge, 1995.
    Goldberg, Peter.  THE DESIGN OF INNOVATION: Lessons from and for Competent Genetic Algorithms.  Kluver
    Grosz, Elizabeth. Unbearable Weight: Feminism, Western Culture and the Body, Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1994
    Haraway Donna J., Modest_Witness@Second_Millennium_FemaleMan_Meets_OncoMouse, Feminism and Technoscience, Routledge, London, 1997
    Haraway, D. Simians, Cyborgs, and Women: The Reinvention of Nature. London: Free Association Books, 1991
    Harrison, John.  Synaesthesia: The Strangest Thing.  Oxford University Press, 2001
    Halfon and P. N. Edwards (Eds.), Changing Life: Genomes, Ecologies, Bodies, Commodities. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1993
    Hayles, N. Katherine. How We Became Posthuman : Virtual Bodies in Cybernetics, Literautre, and Informatics (forthcoming)
    Ihde, Don.  Electronic Mediations Series, Vol. 5: Bodies in Technology.  University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, 2002
    Keller, Eveln Fox.  Making Sense of Life, Explaining Biological Development with Models, Metaphors and Machines.  Harvard University Press, Cambridge MA, 2002
    Martin Kemp, Marina Wallace (eds.): .Spectacular bodies. The art and science of the human body from Leonardo to now.     Berkeley, Los Angeles, London: University of California, 2001
    Kevles, D. & L. Hood, Code of Codes. Cambridge: Harvard U Press, 1992.
    Kevles, Bettyann Holtzmann & Marilyn Nissenson  Picturing DNA
    Harold Koda. Metropolitan.   Extreme Beauty: The Body Transformed.
    Komesaroff, Paul A. (ed.) Troubled Bodies: Critical Perspectives on Postmodernism, Medical Ethics, and the Body. Durham:Duke University Press, 1995
    Kimball, Andrw. Human Body Shop. San Francisco : Harper Collins,, 1993
    Kress-Rogers, Erika (ed.) Handbook of Biosensors and Electronic Noses. Boca Raton: C.R.C. Press, 1997
    Lacy, Suzanne. Mapping the Terrain. Seattle: Bay Press, 1995
    Lancaster, Roger N.  THE TROUBLE WITH NATURE: SEX IN SCIENCE AND POPULAR CULTURE.  University of California Press, Berkeley, 2003.
    Levy,Ellen K. ed., "Contemporary Art and the Genetic Code," special issue of Art Journal 55, (Spring 1996) with B. Sichel
    Leiss, William. Domination of Nature. New York: Braziler,, 1972
    Lupton, Deborah. Medicine as Culture. London:Sage, 1994
    McCarren, Felicia.  Dancing Machines: Choreographies of the Age of Mechanical Reproduction.   Stanford Univ. Press, Palo Alto, CA, ., 2003
    Bill McKibben. Enough.  New York: Henry Holt, 2003.
    Marks, Laura.  Touch: Sensuous Theory and Multisensory Media.  University of Minnesota Press. Minneapolis, 2002
    Matilsky, Barbara. Fragile Ecologies. New York: Rizzoli, 1992
    Merchant, Carolyn ed. Key Concepts in Critical Theory: Ecology. Atlantic Highlands, N.J. : Humanities Press, 1994.
    Merchant, Carolyn The Death of Nature: Women, Ecology and Scientific Revolution, New York: Harper, 1980
    Mayr, Ernst This is Biology: The Science of the Living World. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1997
    Naske, Barbara. Humans and Other Animals. London: Pluto, 1989)
    Oakes, B. . Sculpting With The Environment--a Natural Dialogue. New York:Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1995
    Oetschalager, M. The Idea of Wilderness New Haven:, Yale U. Press, 1991
    President's Council on Bioethics.  Report
    Schactel, Earnest. Metamorphosis. London: Routledge, 1[963
    Sheehan, J. and Mout, Sosan (eds.) The Boundaries of Humanity: Humans, Animals, Machines. Berkeley: U. of California Press,, 1991
    Shepard,Paul. The Others: How Animals Made Us Human, Washington, D.C.: Island Press, 1996
    Soul??, Michael and Gary Lease, (ed.) Reinventing Nature? Responses to Postmodern Deconstruction. Washington, DC.: Island Press, 1995.
    Stafford, Barbara. Body Criticism. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1991
    Shaviro, Steven. The Cinematic Body, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1993
    Springer, Claudia. Electronic Eros: Bodies and Desire in the Postindustrial Age, London: Athlone Press, 1996.
    Stocker, Gerfried  and Christine Schopf (eds.)  Ars Electronica 99: Life Science.
    Todes, Samuel.  Body and World. Cambridge: MIT Press,  2001
    Tompkins, Peter and Christopher Bird. The Secret Life of Plants. New York: Harper & Row. 1973
    Paula A. Treichler, Lisa Cartwright, and Constance Penley (eds) The Visible Woman: Imaging Technologies, Gender, and Science. New York: New York University Press1998)
    Turner,B. S. Regulating Bodies. London: Sage: 1992
    Williams, Raymond. Problems of Materialism  London : Verso, 1980
    Wright, Will. Wild Knowledge: Science, Language, and Social Life in a Fragile Environment. Minneapolis: U. Minnesota Press, 1992.
    Zeki, Semir.  Inner Vision: An Exploration of Art and the Brain  Oxford Univ. Press, New York, NY, 2002

    Technologist and Scientist Accounts of Emerging Research

    Ambron, Susanne and Kritina. Hooper (ed.) Interactive Multimedia. Seattle: Microsoft Press, 1988
    Amato, Ivan. Stuff: The Things the World is Made Of. NY : BasicBooks, c1997
    Ball, Philip. Designing the Molecular World. Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Press, 1994
    Barabosi,  Alberto-Laszlo. Linked: the New Science of Networks. Perseus Publishing, 2002
    Brand, Stewart. Media Lab. New York: Penguin, 1987
    Brockman, J., Third Culture. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995
    Brockman, J. & Katinka Matson. 1995 How Things Are. New York : W.Morrow, 1995
    Breazeal Cynthia.  Designing Sociable Robots  review
    Brooks, Rodney.  Flesh and Machines. nytimes review and link to chapter
    Cilliers, Paul . Complexity and Postmodernism. London: Routledge, 1998
    Crandall, B.C. 1996. Nanotechnology: Molecular Speculations on Global Abundance. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1992
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    Dourish. Paul.  Where the Action is: The Foundations of Embodied Interaction.  Cambridge: MIT Press, 2001
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    Drexler, Eric. Unbounding the Future. New York: William Morrow & Company, 1991
    Goldberg, Ken and Roland Siegwart(eds).  Beyond webcams:An Introduction to Online Robots .  Cambridge:  mit press, 2001
    Gates, Bill. The Road Ahead. New York: Penguin Books, 1995.
    Gilder, G, Telecosm. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1996
    Hall, Stephen. Mapping The New Millenium. New York : Vintage Books, 1993
    Harrison, Albert. Spacefaring: The Human Dimension.  University of California Press, Los Angeles, 2002
    Hinds.  Pamela  and Sara Kiesler, eds. Distributed Work  Cambridge: MIT Press, 2002
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    Jones, Steven (ed.). Cybersociety. Thousand Oaks, Calif. : Sage Publications, 1995
    Joyce, Michael.  Othermindedness: The Emergence of Network Culture.  University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, MI, U.S.A., 2001
    Kelly, Kevin , 1994. Out of Control: The Rise of Neo-Biological Civilization. Reading: Addison-Wesley, 1994
    Kosko, Bart. Fuzzy Thinking: The New Science of Fuzzy Logic. London: Flamingo, 1993
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    Langton,Christopher G. ( ed.), Artificial Life: An Overview. Cambridge: MIT Press, Mass, 1997
    Lanier, J. Information is Alienated Experience. (forthcoming)
    Lewin, Roger. Complexity: Life at the Edge of Chaos. New York: Collier,1992.
    Levy, Steven. Artificial Life: The Quest for a New Creation, New York: Penguin, 1992
    McNeil, Daniel & Paul Frieberger, Fuzzy Logic. New York: Simon and Schuster,1993
    Mentzel, Peter and Faith D'Alusia.  Robo Sapiens.  Cambridge:  MIT Press, 2001
    Moravec,Hans. Mind Children: The Future of Robot and Human Intelligence. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1988
    Moravec, Hans. Robot: Mere Machine to Transcendent Mind. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999
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    Negroponte, Nicholas. Being Digital. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1995
    Nelson, Victoria.  Secret Life of Puppets.
    Norman, Donald.  The Design of Everyday Things.  Doubleday, 1990
    Rhinegold, H, The Virtual Community: Homesteading on the Electronic Frontier, New York: Harper Collins, 1995
    Rhinegold, H,  Samrt Mobs
    Rushkoff, Douglas, Cyberia. Life in Trenches of Cyberspace. San Francisco:: HarperSan Francisco,1994
    Sproull, Lee and Sara Kiesler. Connections: New Ways of Working in Networked Organizations. Cambridge MA: MIT Press, 1991
    Siler, T. Learn to Think Like a Genius. New York: Bantam, 1997
    Siler, T. Breaking the Mind Barrier. New York: Bantam, 1996
    Stoll, Clifford. Silicon Snake Oil, New York: Macmillan, 1995
    Toeffler, A. 1980. Third Wave. New York : W. Morrow, 1983
    Watts, Duncan.  Small Worlds.   Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1999
    Webb, Barbara  and Thomas R. Consi, eds. Biorobotics: Methods and Applications. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2001
    Wooley, Benjamin. Virtual Worlds, Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 1992
    Waldrop, M Mitchell, Complexity: The Emerging Science at the
    Edge of Order and Chaos, New York: Penguin, 1992

    Physical Computing, Interface, Design, Computing Futures

    John Seely Brown and Paul  Duguid. The Social Life of Information  ©2002 Harvard Business School Press; ISBN: 1578517087; 1st edition.
    Chris Crawford,.  Understanding Interactivity,  ©2000
    P. Denning (Ed.), The Invisible Future: The seamless integration of technology in everyday life - see Buxton, W. (2001).  Less is More (More or Less),
    Anthony Dunne and Fiona Raby, Design Noir: The Secret Life of Electronic Objects,    ©2001, Princeton   Architectural Press; ISBN: 3764365668
    Gershenfeld, Neil. When Things Start to Think. New York: Holt, 1999
    Robert Jacobson.   Information Design, 1st edition .  ed. ©MIT  Press; ISBN: 0262600358
    Brenda Laurel .  Computers As Theatre ©1993 Addison-Wesley  Pub Co; ISBN: 0201550601
    Donald A. Norman .  The Design of Everyday Things, ©1990  Doubleday Books; ISBN: 0385267746
    Donald A. Norman.  The Things That Make Us Smart,  ©1993, Perseus Books, ISBN:0201626950
    Norman, Donald  Emotional Design: Why We Love (Or Hate) Everyday Things
    Nathan Shedroff .  Experience Design  ©2001 New Riders Publishing; ISBN: 0735710783
    Shneiderman,  Ben.  Leonardo's Laptop: Human Needs and the New Computing  Technologies

    Critical Theory and Other Analyses of Culture, Media & Technology

    Adorno, Theodor W. The Culture Industry: Selected Essays on Mass Culture, ed J.M. Bernstein,, London: Routledge, 1991
    Amin, A (ed), Post-Fordism: a Reader. Oxford: Blackwell, 1994
    Armitage, John (ed).  Paul Virilio: From Modernism to Hypermodernism and Beyond
    Ascott,  Roy  and Eddie Shanken. Telematic Embrace:  Visionary Theories of Art, Technology, and Consciousness.  UC Press, 2003
    Baudrillard, Jean. Simulations. New York:Semiotext[e], 1983
    Baudrillard,Jean 1988. Ecstacy of Communcation. Brooklyn: Autonomedia, c1988
    Bell, David.  Introduction to Cyberculture.  Routledge, ny 2001
    Benjamin, Walter. Illuminations,(New York: Schocken Books, 1976
    Bender, G. & Druckrey, T. (eds). Culture on the Brink: The Ideologies of Technology. New York: Dia/Bay Press, 1994
    Bolter, Jay. and  Richard Gursin. Remediation: understanding new media.  MIT Press
    Borgmann, Albert. Crossing the Postmodern Divide. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992
    Brook, James and Iain A. Boal, (eds.) Resisting the Virtual Life: The Culture and Politics of Information. San Francisco: Citylights, 1995
    Joke Brouwer, Arjen Mulder.  TransUrbanism.  V2_Publishing/NAI Publishers.  Netherlands, 2002
    Bruno, Giuliana. Alien Zone. London:Verso, 1990
    Bukatmen, Scott Terminal Identity: The Virtual Subject in Post-Modern Science Fiction. Durham: Duke University Press, 1993
    Bukatmanm Scott Matters of Gravity: Special Effects and Supermen in the 20th Century
    CAiiA.Consciousness Reframed: Art and Consciousness in the Post-Biological Era. Conference Proceedings. Newport, Wales: Univ. of Wales College, 1997
    Calvert, Melodie.  Processed Lives: Gender and Technology in Everyday Life.  Routledge
    Carey, James W. Communication As Culture: Essays on Media and Society, Boston: Unwin Hyman, 1989
    Crary, Jonathan. Techniques of the Observer. Cambridge: MIT Press,1992
    Crary, Jonathan. Suspensions of Perception: Attention, Spectacle and Modern Culture.  Cambridge: MIT Press,2001
    Conley, V. Andermatt. Rethinking Technologies. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1992
    Coyne, Richard.  Technoromanticism: Digital Narrative, Holism, and the Romance of
    the Real.  Cambridge: MIT Press,2000
    De Landa, Manuel. War in the Age of Intelligent Machines. New York : Zone Books, 1991
    de Kerckhove, Derrick The Skin of Culture: Investigating the New Electronic Reality, Toronto: Somerville House, 1995
    de Kerckhove, Derrick.  Connected Intelligence: The Arrival of the Web Society. Toronto: Somerville House, 2002
    Dienst, Richard Still Life in Real Time: Theory After Television. Durham, N.C. : Duke University Press, 1994
    Druckrey, Timothy. Iterations. Camabaridge: MIT Press, 1994
    Druckrey,Timothy (ed). Electronic Culture: Technology & Visual Representation. New York: Aperture, 1997
    Timothy Druckrey and Bender, Gretchen, (eds), Cultures on the Brink: Ideologies of Technology, Seattle: Bay Press, 1994
    Dyens, Olliver.  Metal and Flesh: The Evolution of Man: Technology Takes Over.  MIT Press
    Easton, Thomas. Taking Sides: Clashing Views on Controversial Issues in Science, Technology, and Society. Guilford, Conn. : Dushkin/McGraw-Hill, 1998
     Featherstone, Mike and Roger Burrows, eds. Cyberspace/Cyberbodies/Cyberpunk: Cultures of Technological
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    Flanagan, Mary and Austin Booth, eds. Reload: Rethinking Women and Cyberculture.  Cambridge: MIT Press, 2002
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    Foster, Hal. The Return of the Real. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1996
    Foucault, M. Discipline and Punish. New York: Viking, 1979
    Frascina, F. and Jonathan Harris (ed.) Art in Modern Culture: Anthology of Critical Texts.
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    Giedion, Siegfried. Mechanization Takes Command: A Contribution to Anonymous History New York: Norton, 1948.
    Ginsburg,Faye D,  Lila Abu-Lughod, Brian Larkin, eds. Media Worlds: Anthropology on a New Terrain.  University of California Press, Berkeley, CA, U.S.A., 2002
    Grau, Oliver.  Virtuelle Kunst in Geschichte und Gegenwart: Visuelle Strategies (Virtual Arts in History and the Present).  Dietrich Reimer Press, Berlin, 2001
    Grau, Oliver. Virtual Art: From Illusion to Immersion.  MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 2002
    Gray, Chris Hables, (ed.) The Cyborg Handbook. London: Routledge, 1996
    Gunnar Liest¯l, Andrew Morrison, Terje Rasmussen eds.  Digital Media Revisited: Theoretical and Conceptual Innovations in Digital Domains.  Cambridge: MIT Press, 2003
    Guisnel , Jean. Cyberwars: Espionage on the Internet. New York: Plenum Press, 1997
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    Heidegger,Martin. The Question Concerning Technology. New York : Garland Pub., 1977
    Heilbroner, Robert. Visions of the Future: The Distant Past, Yesterday, Today, Tommorrow. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996
    Hershmann, Lynn (ed.). Clicking In: Hot Links to a Digital Culture. Seattle: Bay Press, 1996
    Hocks, Mary E.  and Michelle R. Kendrick, eds  Eloquent Images: Word and Image in the Age of New Media.  MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, U.S.A., 2003
    Insoe, Hiroshi & Pierce, John, Information Technology and Civilization. New York: W.H. Freeman, 1994
    Kahn, Douglas and Diane Neumaier (eds) Cultures in Contention. Seattle: The Real Comet Press, 1985
    Kahn, Douglas and Gregory Whitehead (eds). Wireless Imagination. Cambridge: MIT Press:, 1992
    Kendall, Lori.  Hanging Out in the Virtual Pub: Masculinities and Relationships Online.  University of California Press, Berkeley, 2002
    Krauss, Rosalind et al (ed). October: The Second Decade. Cambridge: MIT Press,1997
    Kroker, Arthur. The Possessed Individual: Technology and Postmodernity. New York: Macmillan, 1992
    Kroker, Arthur and Michael A Weinstein. Data Trash: The Theory of the Virtual Class. Montreal:New World Perspectives, 1994
    Kroker, Arthur and Marilouise Kroker. Hacking the Future: Stories for the Flesh-Eating 90s, Montreal: New World Perspectives, 1996.
    Kroker, Arthur and Kroker, Marilouise, (eds.). Digital Delirium. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1997
    Langlois Fdn &  Guggenheim Museum. Permanence Through Change: The Variable Media Approach
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    Levin, THomas and Ursual Frohne and Peter Weibel, CTRL [space];Rhetorics of Surveillance.  MIT Press, 2001
    Lacy, Suzzanne (ed).  Mapping the Terrain.  Bay Press
    Levy, Pierre.  Electronic Mediations Series, Vol. 4: Cyberculture.  University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis,2002
    Lister, Martin, Jon dovey, Giddings, Grant, Kelly New Media: A Critical Introduction.  Routledge: New York, 2003
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    Ludlow, Peter. High Noon on the Eelctronic Frontier. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1996
    Lunenfeld, Peter. Digital Dialectic. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1999
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    Penley, Constance & Andrew Ross (eds.). Technoculture.Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1995
    Penny Simon, Critical Issues in Electronic Media, Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 1995
    Pisters, Patricia.  Micropolitics of Media Culture: Reading the Rhizomes of Deleuze and Guattari.
    Robert Pepperell and Michael Punt.  Postdigital Membrane.
    Poster, Mark. Critical Theory and Poststructuralism: In Search of a Context. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1989
    Poster, Mark. The Mode of Information. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1990
    Poster, Mark, The Second Media Revolution. Cambridge: Polity Press:, 1995
    Postman, Neil.Technopoly: The Surrender of Culture to Technology. New York: Vintage,1993
     QuÈau, Philippe.  La planËte des esprits - pour une politique du cyberespace.   Odile Jacob, Paris, 2000
    Roszak, Theodore. The Cult of Information. New York: Pantheon, 1988
    Ronnell, Avital. The Telephone Book: Technology, Schizophrenia, Electronic Space. Omaha: Univ. of Nebraska, 1988
    &&Rucker, Rudy, R.U Sirius and Queen Mu (eds.), Mondo 2000: A User''s Guide to the New Edge,New York, NY: HarperPerennial, c1992
    Scott, Jill.  Coded Characters.  Hatje Cantz Publishers, Ostfildern-Ruit, Germany, 2003
    Schiffer, Michael Brian.  Draw the Lightning Down: Benjamin Franklin and Electrical Technology in the Age of Enlightenment. University of California Press, Berkeley, CA, ., 2003
    Schwartau, Winn. Information Warfare: Chaos on the Electronic Superhighway. New York: Thunder's Mouth Press, 1994
    Shallis, Michae. The Silicon Idol: The Micro Revolution and its Social Implications. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1984
    Shaw , Jeffrey  and Peter Wiebel, ed . Future Cinema: The Cinematic Imaginary after Film.  MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, , 2003
    Sherman, Tom.  Before and After the I-Bomb: An Artist in theInformation  Environment. Printed Matter, Inc.:
    Stabile, Carol A. Feminism and the Technological Fix. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1994
    Stone, Allucquere Rosanne. The War of Desire and Technology at the Close of the Mechanical Age. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1996
    Strohl, Andreas  ed.   Vilem Flusser: Writings.  University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, 2002
    Teich,Albert, Technology and the Future, 7th edition. New York : St. Martin's Press, 1997
    Thomas, Douglas.  Hacker Culture,    University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, 2002
    Tofts,Darren  and Annemarie Jonson and Alessio Cavallaro (Eds) Prefiguring Cyberculture: An Intellectual History.  MIT Press, 2003
    Robert Trappl, et al. eds  Emotions in Humans and Artifacts.  MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, , 2003
    Trend, David ed.  Reading Digital Culture.  2000
    Turkle, Sherry. Life on the Screen: Identity in the Age of the Internet. New York: Touchstone Books, 1997
    Virilio, Paul. The Aesthetics of Disappearance, trans Philip Beitchman, New York: Semiotext(e), 1991.
    Virilio, Paul. War and Cinema, London: Verson, 1989
    Virilio, Paul. The Vision Machine. London: BFI, 1994
    Virilio,Paul The Lost Dimension. New York : Semiotext(e), 1991
    Wallis, Brian. Art After Postmodernism: Rethinking Representation. New York: New Museum,, 1984
    Webster, F. Theories of the Information Society. London: Routledge, 1995.
    Weizenbaum, Joseph. Computer Power and Human Reason, New York: Pelican, 1976
     Weinstone, Ann.  Avatar Bodies: A Tantra for Posthumanism University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis,., 2004.
    Wardrip-Fruin, Noah  and Pat Harrigan eds.First Person  New Media as Story, Performance, and Game. MIT Press, Cambridge, 2004
    V2  Information is Alive;   Making Art of Databases
    Zofia, Z. Whose Second Self? Gender and (Ir)Rationality in Computer Culture. Victoria: Deakin University Press,1993

    Anaylsis of Computer Impact on Society and Specific Digital Technologies

    Aleksander, Igor and Piers Burnett.  Thinking Machines: The Search for Artificial Intelligence.  Oxford:  Oxford University Press, 1987
    Igor Alexsander, Igor . How to Build a Mind: Toward Machines with Imagination.  Columbia Univ. Press, New York,2001
    Bolter, J. David. Turing's Man: Western Culture in the Computer Age. New York: Penguin, 1984.
    Breazeal,  Cynthia L. Designing Sociable Robots.  MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 2002
    Brook, James and Iain A. Boal (eds) Resisting the Virtual Life: The Culture and Politics of Information . San Francisco : City Lights Press,, 1995
    Brooks, Rodney.  Flesh and Machines: how robots will change life.
    Bruce, Vicki and Andy Young. In the Eye Of the Beholder: the Science of Face Perscepion. New York : Oxford University Press, 1998
    Card, S. K., J. D. Mackinlay, et al. Information Visualization: Using Vision to Think. San Francisco: Morgan-Kaufmann, 1998
    Chesterman, John and Andy Lipman. The Electronic Pirates: DIY Crime of the Century. London: Routledge1988
    Crevier, Daniel. AI: The Tumultuous History of the Search for Artificial Intelligence, New York: Basic Books, 1993
    Cringeley, Robert X. Accidental Empires: How the Boys of Silicon Valley Make Their Millions, Battle Foreign Competition and Still Can't Get a Date, New York: Penguin, 1992
    Critical Art Ensemble. The Electronic Disturbance. New York:Autonomedia,1994
    Critical Art Ensemble. Electronic Civil Disobedience and Other Unpopular Ideas. New York: Autonomedia/Semiotext(e), 1996
    Davies, Paul. The Cosmic Blueprint: Order And Complexity at the Edge of Chaos, New York: Penguin, 1987
    Davis, Erik. Techgnosis: Myth, Magic + Mysticism in the Age of Information.
    New York: Harmony Books, 1998.
    Dourish,Paul. Where the Action Is: The Foundations of Embodied Interaction.   MIT Press, Cambridge, MA,, 2001
    Dreyfus, Hubert L. What Computers Still Can't Do: A Critique of Artificial Reason, Cambridge: MIT Press, 1992
    Dreyfus, Hubert  and Stuart.  Mind Over Machine: The Power of Human Intuition and Expertise in the Era of the Computer.  Free Press.
    Edwards, Paul. The Closed World: Computers and the Politics of Discourse in Cold War America. Cambridge: The MIT Press, 1996
    Feathersone, Mike. Undoing Culture: Globalization, Postmodernism and Identity, London: Sage, 1995
    Feathestone, Mike, Scott Lash and Roland Robertson (eds.) Global Modernities, London: Sage,1995.
    Freedman, David H. Brainmakers: How Scientists are Moving Beyond Computers to Create a Rival to the Human Brain. New York: Touchstone, 1994
    Freiberger, Paul and Michael Swain, Fire in the Valley: The Making of the Personal Computer. Berkeley: Osborne/McGraw Hill, 198)
    Dennett, Daniel C. Consciousness Explained. New York: Penguin, 1991
    Lansdale, Mark W. and Thomas C. Ormerod. Understanding Interfaces: A Handbook of Human-Computer Dialogue. San Diego: Academic Press, 1994
    Gardner, Howard , The Mind's New Science: A History of the Cognitive Revolution, rev ed, New York: HarperCollins ,1987
    Gelernter, David , Mirror Worlds, New York: Oxford University Press,1991
    Gelernter, David , The Muse in the Machine: Computers and Creative Thought, London: Fourth Estate,1994
    Gilder, George. Microcosm. New York : Simon and Schuster, 1989
    Goldberg, Ken (ed).  The Robot in the Garden.  Cambridge: MIT Press,1999
    Harasim, Linda M. (ed.) Global Networks: Computers and International Communication, Cambridge: MIT Press, 1993
    Hertz, J.C. Joystick Nation. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1997
    Johnson, Robert.  Margins of Reality.  (mutual influence of the physical and cyber)
    Langton, Christopher (ed).  Proceedings of Artificial Life Conferences.
    Laurel, Brenda.  Utopian Entrepeneur.
    Levinson, Paul.  Mind at Large.
    Levy, Steven. Hackers: Heroes of the Computer Revolution. New York: Anchor Press/ Doubleday, 1984
    Hafner, Katie and John Markoff. Cyberpunk: Outlaws and Hackers on the Computer Frontier. London: Corgi, 1991
    Haugeland, JohnArtificial Intelligence: the Very Idea. Cambridge: MIT Press,1985
    Hiltz, Starr Roxanne and Murray Turoff. The Network Nation: Human Communication Via Computer. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1993
    Hoffstaedter, R and D. Dennett. The Mind's I. New York: Bantam, 1982
    Holzman, Steven R. Digital Mantras: The Languages of Abstract and Digital Worlds. Cambridge: MIT Press,1994
    Ichbiah, Daniel, with Susan L Knepper. The Making of Microsoft: How Bill Gates and His Team Created the World's Most Successful Software Company. Rocklin, CA. Prima Publishing, 1993
    Jones, Steven G. Cybersociety: Computer-Mediated Communication and Community, London: Sage, 1995
    Kurtzman, Joel. The Death of Money: How The Electronic Economy has Destabilized the World's Markets and Created Financial Chaos. New York: Simon and Schuster,1993
    Kurzweil, Raymond (ed.) The Age of Intelligent Machines. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1992
    Kurzweil, Raymond. The Age of Spiritual Machines : When Computers Exceed Human Intelligence. New York: Viking, 1999
    Laurel, Brenda (ed.) , The Art of Human-Computer Interface Design, Reading MA: Addison Wesley, 1990
    Laurel, Brenda. Computers as Theatre. Reading,MA: Addison-Wesley, 1993.
    Levidow, Les and Kevin Robins (eds.) Cyborg Worlds: The Military Information Society. London:Free Association Booksm, 1989,.
    Levy, Pierre. Collective Intelligence : Mankind's Emerging World in Cyberspace. New York: Plenum Press, 1997.
    Levy, Pierre, Collective Intelligence : Mankind's Emerging World In Cyberspace. New
    York: Plenum Trade, 1997
    Levy, Pierre, . Becoming virtual : reality in the Digital Age. New York: Plenum Trade, 1998
    Levy, Steven. Insanely Great: The Life and Times of Macintosh, the Computer that Changed Everything, New York: Penguin, 1994
    Lury, Celia. Cultural Rights: Technology, Legality and Personality. London: Routledge, 1993
    Lyon, David. , The Information Society: Issues and Illusions, Cambridge: Polity, 1988
    Lyon, David. The Electronic Eye: The Rise of Surveillance Society. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1994
    Mann, Steve.  Cyborg:Digital Destiny and Human Possibility in the Age of the Wearable
    Computer.  New York: Randomhouse Doubleday, 2001
    Martin, William J. , The Global Information Society, London: Aslib1995
    Menzel,Peter   and FaithD'Aluisio. Robo sapiens: Evolution of a New Species.  Cambridge: MIT Press, 2001
    Minsky, Marvin The Society of Mind. New York: Simon & Shuster,1986
    Muller, Jorg Design of Intelligent Agents. Berlin: Springer, 1996
    Nancy, Jean Luc. The Inoperative Community. Minneapolis: University of
    Minnesota Press,1991
    Nelson, Theodor. Computer Lib/ Dream Machines. Redmond, Wash.:Tempus Books of Microsoft Press, 1987
    Penrose, Roger. The Emperor's New Mind. New York: Oxford University Press, 1989
    Picard, Rosalind W. Affective Computing. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1997
    Reeves, Byron and Clifford Nass. The Media Equation: How People Treat Computers, Television, and New Media Like Real People and Places. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ Press, 1996
    Shneiderman, Ben. Designing the User Interface: Strategies for Effective Human-Computer Interaction, Second Edition. Menlo Park: Addison-Wesley,1998
    Scholder,Amy and Jordan Crandall (eds.)  INTERACTION: Artistic Practice in the Network.  (Eyebeam Atelier and D.A.P.)
    Scientific American . ??Communications, Computers and Networks: How to Work, Play and Thrive in Cyberspace??, vol.265 no.3, (September, 1991).
    Scientific American. ??The Computer in the 21st Century??, special issue (1995)
    Shields, Rob (ed.) Cultures of Internet: Virtual Spaces, Real Histories, Living Bodies. London: SAGE Publications, 1996
    Silverstone, Roger and Eric Hirsch (eds.) Consuming Technologies: Media and Information in Domestic Spaces. London: Routledge,1992
    MacCabe, Colin (ed.) High Theory, Low Culture. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1993
    Smith, Anthony. From Books to Bytes: Knowledge and Information in the Postmodern Era, London: BFI, 1993
    Sondheim, Alan.  Being on Line.  Lusitania Press, NY
    Sterling, Bruce. The Hacker Crackdown: Law and Disorder on the Electronic Frontier. New York: Penguin, 1992
    Talbot, Stephen.  The Future Does Not Compute.  O'Reilly Books
    Thomas,  Douglas.   Hacker Culture.  University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, MN., U.S.A, 2002
    Turkle, Sherry. The Second Self: Computers and the Human Spirit. New York : Simon and Schuster,1984
    Ban Burnham,  Supercade: A Visual History of the Videogame Age.  Cambriidge:  MIT press, 2001
    Wallace, James and Jim Erickson , Hard Drive: Bill Gates and the Making of the Microsoft Emire New York: Harper Business,1992
    Wasko, Janet Hollywood in the Information Age, Cambridge: Polity, 1994
    Watson, Mark. AI Agents in Virtual Reality Worlds. New York: Wiley, 1996
    Webster, Frank, Theories of the Information Society. London:Routledge, 1995
    Wiener, Norbert. Cybernetics or, Control and Communication in the Animal amd the Machine. Cambridge: MIT Press,1948
    Wiener, Norbert. The Human Use of Human beings: Cybernetics and Society. London:Free Association Books, 1989

    Hypermedia and Interactive Narrative

    Aronowitz, Stanley, Barbara Martinsons and Michael Menser (eds.) Technoscience and Cyberculture London: Routledge,1996
    Barrett, Edward (ed.) The Society of Text: Hypertext, Hypermedia and the Social Construction of Information, Cambridge: MIT Press, 1989
    Birketts, Sven. Gutenberg Elegies: The Fate of Reading in an Electronic Age, London: Faber, 1994
    Bolter, Jay.  Writing Sapce: Computer, Hypertext and History of Writing.
    Cotter, Bob and Richard Ellver (eds).  Understanding Hypermedia.  Phaidon Press
    Coyne, Richard, Designing Information Technology in the Postmodern Age, From Method to Metaphor, Cambridge: MIT Press, Leonardo Book Series, 1996
    Coyne, Richard. Technoromanticism: Digital narrative, Holism and the Romance of the Real. Cambridge: MIT Press, Leonardo Book Series, 1999
    Delany, Paul and George P Landow (eds.) Hypermedia and Literary Studies Cambridge: MIT Press, 1991
    Douglas, J. Yellowlees. The End of Books--or Books Without End?: Reading Interactive Narratives.   University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, MI,  2001
    Gumbrecht, Hans Ulrich and K Ludwig Pfeiffer (eds.) Materialities of Communication, trans William Whobrey. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1994
    Heim, Michael. Electric Language: A Philosophical Study of Word Processing. New Haven: Yale University Press,1987
    Hayles, Katerine.  Writing Machines,  MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 2002
    Joyce, Michael. Of Two Minds : Hypertext Pedagogy and Poetics. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1995
    Landow, George P. Hypertext: The Convergence of Contemporary Critical Theory and Technology. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992
    Landow, George P.  Hypertext 2.0:  The Convergence of Contemporary Critical Theory and Technology.
    Landow, George P (ed.) Hyper/Text/Theory. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994
    Landow, George P and Paul Delaney (eds.). The Digital Word: Text-Based Computing in the Humanities. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1993
    Lanham, Richard A. The Electric Word: Democracy, Technology and the Arts. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993
    Meadows, Mark.   Pause & Effect: The Art of Interactive Narrative. New Riders, Indianapolis, IA, U.S., 2002  information
    Murray, Janet H. Hamlet on the Holodeck : The Future of Narrative in Cyberspace. New York: Free Press, 1997
    Neilson, Jakob. Multimedia and Hypertext: The Internet and Beyond. Cambridge, MA, AP Professional, 1996
    Tuman, Myron C (ed.) Literacy Online: The Promise (and Peril) of Reading and Writing on Computers. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1992

    Reflections on Digital Aesthetics, Video, Cinema

    D'Agostino, Peter and David Tafler (eds.) Transmission: Theory and Practice for a New Television Aesthetics, rev ed., New York: Sage,1995.
    Couchot, Edmond. La technologie dans l??art; de la photographie la reealite virtuelle, Paris: Ed Jacqueline Chambon, 1998
    Dovey, Jon (ed.) Fractal Dreams: New Media in Social Context. London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1996
    Hall, Doug and Sally-Jo Fifer (eds.) Illuminating Video: An Essential Guide to Video Art, New York: Aperture/Bay Area Video Coalition, 1990
    Hayward, Philip and Tana Wollen (eds.) Future Visions: New Technologies of the Screen. London: BFI , 1993,
    Le Grice,Malcolm. Experimental Cinema in the Digital Age. Berkeley:University of California Press,2002
    Lister, Martin. The Photographic Image in Digital Culture. London: Routledge, 1995
    Mitchell, William J. The Reconfigured Eye: Visual Truth in the Post-Photographic Era, Cambridge: MIT Press, 1992
    Ritchin, Fred. In Our Own Image: The Coming Revolution in Photography. New York: Aperture Foundation, 1990.
    * Wombell, Paul (ed.) Photovideo: Photography in the Age of the Computer, London: Rivers Oram Press,1991

    Virtual Reality

    Benedikt, Michael (ed.) Cyberspace: First Steps, Cambridge: MIT Press, 1994
    Franck , Karen A   When I Enter Virtual Reality, What Body Will I Leave Behind?
    Heim, Michael. The Metaphysics of Virtual Reality. New York : Oxford University Press, 1993
    Helsel, S.K. and J.P. Roth (eds.) Virtual Reality: Theory, Practice and Promise, Westport Conn: Meckler, 1991
    Loeffler, Carl, 1994. Virtual Reality Casebook. New York: Van Norstrand, 1994
    Markley, Robert (ed.) Virtual Realities and their Discontents. .Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996
    Morley, David and Kevin Robins. Spaces of Identity: Global Media, Electronic Landscapes and Cultural Boundaries. London:Routledge, 1995
    Moser, Mary & Douglas MacLeod. Immersed in Technology. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1996
    Pool, Ithiel de Sola. Technology Without Boundaries: On Telecommunications in a Global Age, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1990
    Rhinegold, H , Virtual Reality, New York: Simon and Schuster, 1991
    Shuler, Douglas. New Community Networks: Wired for Change. Reading MA: Addison Wesley,1996
    Thalmann, Nadia Magenat and Daniel Thalmann. Virtual Worlds and Multimedia, New York: John Wiley, 1993
    Benjamin Woolley, Virtual Worlds: A Journey in Hype and Hyperreality . Oxford: Blackwell, 1992

    Sound Arts

    (see also art and technology/art and computers section above for computer music books)
    Apple, Jacki and Helen Thorington. Breaking The Broadcast Barrier. Radio Art 1980-1994 . New York: New American Radio, 1996
    Augaitis, Daina and Dan Lander. Radio Rethink. Banff: Walter Phillips Gallery, 1994
    Braun, Hans-Joachim.  Music and Technology in the Twentieth Century.  Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, Baltimore, 2002
    Kahn, Douglas and Gregory Whitehead (eds). Wireless Imagination. Cambridge: MIT Press:, 1992
    Kahn, Douglas.  Noise, Water, Meat: A History of sound in the Arts.  MIT Press, 2001
    Weiss, Allen (ed.)  Experimental Sound and Radio.  MIT Press, 2001