(Information Arts, MIT Press, 2002)
(Art+Science Now, Thames & Hudson 2010)
- Basic philsophical notions of what it is to be human, the nature of time and space, the nature of the universe, what is maleable and what is fixed is being shaped by science - art historically helped us understand and anticipate.
-Understanding the underlying narratives
- Importance of Scientific Openness to Alternative Paradigms. Art can be a tool for offering other perspectives .
ref: Thomas Kuhn - Sturcture of Scientific Revolutions
Preface of Beyond Productivity (from US National Academy of Science) illustrates pragmatic appeal
"ITCP can constitute an important domain of research. It is inherently exploratory and inherently transdisciplinary. Concerned at its core with how people perceive, experience, and use information technology, ITCP has enormous potential for sparking reconceptualization and innovation in IT. In execution, it pushes on the boundaries of both IT and the arts and design. Computer science has always been stimulated by exposure to new points of view and new problems, which are ever-present in the arts and design. Because of the breadth of use to which artists and designers put different forms of IT, and because they typically are not steeped in conventional IT approaches, artists' and designers' perspectives on tools and applications may provide valuable insights into the needs of other kinds of IT users. The needs and wants of artists and designers can suggest new ways of designing and implementing IT. Engaging their perspectives is a logical extension of recent trends in cross-disciplinary computer science research."
|Critical area of innovation - opening up new possibilities, areas of inquiry, products. scientific research and technological development||
NSF - genome research
|Contested area of
culture. eg. deconstructing nature, body, gender, disease
8 cell embryo - stem cells
|Biology has a mind of its
own. Unlike other art materials, it sets on its own trajectories.
Australian rabbit coin
|We are biology ourselves.
A way of investigating our selves.
|New information available via
Digital Microscope and motion tracking
Facination with other life forms
Follow Me - Reverse usual experimental forms
Protozoa in charge
Control Me - Wacky commentary on Experiments
colored lights, sound/voice
what really is important in protozoa lives?
Human relationships with animals
Ethics of animal and human experimentation
Nature of intelligence and consciousness
Reflections on the essence of life
enables people to interact with live microorganisms and cells derived
their own body and those of others.
- Reflection on the place of humanity within the larger biosphere.
- Sstatus as hybrid scientific/medical enterprise and media/game asks questions about access to scientific and medical protocols and new worlds made accessible by science.
- Interactions with these alien, unfamiliar life forms (which are nonetheless intimately connected with our bodies) focuses on the boundaries between self and non-self.
- Reflects on our culture’s increasing focus on the microbiological.
|What is the nature of life? How
are the living and non-living
|What are the boundaries of naturally occuring life? - What are the limits of the forms it can take? What might exterrestial life be like? Can there be forms of life not based on carbon?||
SetiAtHome - search for extrerrestial life
|Can we synthesize life?
Can we create semi-life? Can we create artificial life? Will
nanotechnology be able fabricate life atom by atom?
Can we modify life through bioengineering? through breeding? What are the limits?
Tissue Culture and Art Group
|To what extent does genetics
determine ultimate organism?
What is the balance between nature and nurture? Can all biology
ultimately be reduced to coding and bioinfomatics?
What is the nature of consciousness and intelligence? What is the relationship of brain and mind? Can we synthesize them? What is the nature of non-human intelligence?
Rice University Bioinfomtics group
|What are the possibilities and
limitations of "posthuman"
enhancement? Can we increase strength, endurance, intelligence,
creativity, sexual powers?
Can we control mood and psychic space? What are the limits of psychopharmacology? Is there a prozac for everyone?
Superman / Wonderwoman
|Can we eradicate disease? Can we create super-health? Can life be prolonged? Can death be eliminated?||
Fountain of Youth
|What is the nature of connection
between species? What is the connection between organic and non
|Ethics. Which of any of
these should be pursued and which not?
|Determining coma vs
consciousness. How auditiory cliks show up in PET
right = normals
middle = coma with recovery
left = vegetative
M. Boly et al Auditory processing in the vegetative state (9/12/05 - 16)
|Sentences read to person
bottom = controls
top = coma (who recovered)
AM Owen et al (9/12/05 - 16)
|fMRI research on lie
U Penn research on which areas active in deception
|Knock out B2 receptors in
midbrain of rats - lack exploratory behavior - put it back revive this
kind of behavior. Other experiments control obesity, aggressive
(9/12/05 - 16)
|process of creating
knockout in mice embryo
|FoxP2 Gene - single
controls speech- Ke family half could not speak
- knockout in mice - not able to make certain vocalizations
Simon Fisher -10/24/05
|"knockout" mice that are
genetically unable to produce the enzyme PERK (pancreatic endoplasmic
reticulum kinase) - needed for growth/ bones/etc
|Transplanated bone marrow
did show up in nerual cells of leukemia patients. fusion of
marrow cells with Purkinje neurons. Dendrites indicate new growth
helen blau 11/7/05 21
|Protein based sensors -
specific cell functions
tagged with red fluorescent protein, the malarial parasites in the sporozoite stage can be seen migrating along the sinusoids in a mouse liver. (Photo: Ute Frevert et al.)
|The study of how an individual's genetic inheritance affects the body's response to drugs. Researchers hope to create drugs optimized for variations in populations and ultimately customized for each person|
|2 samples of RNA are taken from 2 seperate sources and cDNA is created from each by using a technique called RT-PCR (Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction). Each cDNA sample is labeled with its own specific dye. Both cDNA samples are then washed over a single array, after which dye intensities on each spot is calculated using a fluorescence camera.|
of the bases. Cut at each location, test with reagent. Detect
with photodetector. 2 million a day.
|Automatic loading of
|Electronic Nose detection
Raed Sweik, Cleveland Clinkc Foundation - detect lung cancer, also pneumonia, vaginitis
e-nose (cyranose 320)
|Electronic nose chip
Professor Ichiro Takeuchi
|Sexual Communication in mice
H. Kimoto et al 10/24/05 -20
-The free radical theory of aging
-Mitochondria and aging
-The glycation theory of aging
-Proteins damage and maintenance in aging
-Dna damage and dna repair
-Telomeres and aging
-Cellular senescence and apoptosis in aging
-Gene silencing in aging
-Hormones and aging
-The immune system and aging
-Inflammation and aging
-Accumulation of toxins and chemical garbage
-Cancer and aging
-Biomarkers of aging
-Caloric restriction with adequate nutrition
Obesity - genes that control obesity, hormones that control energy balance in the system, drugs that block receptors for hunger stimulations
How to build life out of inorganic matter
David Deamer : 12 requirements: membrane enclosurecapture energy, divide, add to information stoere, etc
Biobricks, Open Wetware - organizations to store and distribute elements researchers develop for constructing life
Vending machine for Reagents - materials needed in research
10/10/2005 Helena BioSciences -
|Bio-Rad Microarray Printer
|Personal Genome Project
Nikon - Coolscope
|Attempt to find right option
from multiple candidates - designer drugs
Search for structural fits with AIDS virus McCammon group, UCSD
|multiple influencers -
p 33 5/24/05
|Smell & Taste -
Artificial Noses, Smell Synthesis, Pheromones, the near senses
u of Illinois - artificial nose
|Bionics - integration of machine
Campbell Aird - Irish bionic arm
Neurons in Petri dish run robots
Steve Potter - GaTech
|Brain control - remote control
Sanjiv Talwar, SUNY
Image from MSU Biometrics Research Page
Applied Molecular Evolution - cocaine analog without addiction
|Bacterial memory for computers
|Microbiology - Laura Cinti -
(develop cactus that grows human hair)
|Mcirovenus - Joe Davis -
(embed codes in ecoli)
|Eduardo Kac - Alba
(genetically engineered flourescent bunny)
|Species Revival - Brandon
(redevelop extinct species of frog)
|One Tree - Natile Jerijemko
(100 genetically identical trees subjected to different environments)
|Hubert Duprat - Caddis Worm
(caterpillars cocoon formation manipulated with precious metal and jewels)
-Insn(h)ak(r)es - Robot snake
(Robot snake lives in harmony with live snakes)
|Mel Chin - Revival Field
(Design both for artistic and ecological reclaimation)
|Stelarc - Parasite - external
control of body, broadcasgts from inside of body - prostheses
|Critical Art Ensemble - Cult of
the New Eve, Generra
Interventions, Public events . Beer brewed with yeast engineered to include human genetic material
|Ken Rinaldo - Augmented Fish
(Robots driven by fish interacting with humans)
|Paul Vanouse - Relative
Velocity Inscription Device
(electrophoresis of dna compares racial inheritance of relatives)