IBM image of Interbody Communication
IBM image of Interbody Communication

Personal Area Networks

Personal Action Networks (PAN) are a technology that use the electrical conductivity of the human body as a data network.  Experimental extensions include research into communication between persons by touch and human walking as power source. Originally developed by Thomas Zimmerman (and others) at MIT's Media Lab. Now supported by IBM Almaden research lab.

Links to Personal Area Network Sites

 Links to Artistic Experimentation

- This page created by Stephen Wilson, Professor Conceptual/Information Arts, SFSU
- More information about the Conceptual / Information Arts program
- This page is part of a section whose master  is at

**Note this section is being generated as part of new book Information Arts by Stephen Wilson (MIT Press, 2001).  It is in state of major revision.  Feel free to use these resources  for non- commercial purposes but please attribute source. Copyright, 1999-2001 Stephen Wilson.