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Volume 4 | Spring 2006


Beyond Black and White: Structural Liminality and Slave Insurrection

William Arighi

Hayden White has argued that the discipline of "history proper (as it is called) buries [its conceptual apparatus] in the interior of the narrative, where it serves as a hidden and implicit shaping device," thereby superficially denying the latent biases and structurings of thought inherent to the chosen material of the historical study. This rhetorical dissembling is part of a fictive opposition of history to fiction... Full Article>


An Ideological Conflict: War and Renaissance Philosophies

Olga Blomgren

Love is a popular theme that the poetry of the Spanish Golden Age addresses in various forms. What is interesting about the sonnet that begins "Between arms, war, fire, wrath and furies" by Gutierre de Cetina is the way in which he employs this theme as a patriotic love. During the Renaissance, courtiers were frequently men of arms and letters and Cetina was no exception... Full Article>

Translating Vallejo: Three Poems

Kelly Brown

The task of translation, if not hopelessly utopian, is at least a trip, a "carrying across" littered mostly with loss. It's also a task we're never not at, translating our words and our selves to fallen circumstances of clash and accommodation, petition and prayer... Full Article>


Ecocritical Theory in 20th Century Fiction: Connecting Nature with the Empowered Self

Allison Dressler

The process by which a person discovers the Self and becomes empowered to speak and act in accordance with that Self is dependent upon numerous factors, each of which holds varying importance depending on the particular journey of that individual. The spiritual journeys and quests for Self of three protagonists... Full Article>


Research Notes from the Library at Alexandria: Roberto Bolaño and W.G. Sebald Write the Century's End

Jessie Ferguson

Both the Chilean expatriate writer Roberto Bolaño and the German expatriate W.G. Sebald construct first-person narratives out of an uneasy, hybridized mixture of invention, literary reference, and historical fact. Writing in the Times Literary Supplement... Full Article>


Translating collage in the Italian Neo-Avant-Garde: An English Translation of Nanni Balestrini's "X. Frammento dell'anarchia"

Doireann Lalor

Balestrini's poem encapsulates many of the features of the poetics of fragmentation of the Italian neoavanguardia. A translation of "X. Frammento dell'anarchia" necessarily involves a head-on confrontation with the perturbing formal and linguistic ruptures and fascinating polysemy typical of Balestrini's method of creating poetry as "opposition" to the ossified state of language... Full Article>


The Music of the Aleph: Paul Auster and Jorge Luis Borges in Concert

Myriam Muriel Mercader Varela

This article aims to draw attention to how the literary space of two authors pertaining to two different cultures and times, namely, Jorge Luis Borges and Paul Auster resemble each other in such a way they may be considered as forming part of one same labyrinth. This labyrinthine structure, it will be demonstrated, can be regarded as an Aleph... Full Article>


'Intranquila, poseedora': An Introduction to Venezuelan Avant-Garde Poetess María Calcaño

Giovanna Montenegro

I here introduce the Venezuelan Avant-Garde poetess, María Calcaño and her work to English readers. I chose to examine three early poems: "Grito indomable," "Carne," and "Madrugada" which were published in the 1935 Alas Fatales. Calcaño's voice is one that is unusual for a Venezuelan woman of her time... Full Article>


Quiroga, Kipling, and the Exotic Frontier:
a Comparative Study

Christy Rodgers

Horacio Quiroga, a Latin American master of the short story, was dismissed as derivative by the Argentine literary generation that succeeded him: Borges summed up their opinion by saying that he merely rewrote stories that Poe or Kipling had written better. He was, however, vindicated by a later generation of critics... Full Article>


Translation of Two Poems by Marie Krysinska from her Collection Rythmes Pittoresques

Sandra Sokowski

A Polish immigrant, Marie Krysinska was a recognized figure in the cabaret culture of Montmartre in the 1880's and 90's and is one of the very few female French symbolist poets. She was also one of the few women, next to Sarah Bernhardt, admitted to the elite Parisian artistic circles of the time... Full Article>

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