San Francisco State University
Second Language Acquisition
Course Description| CourseObjectives| Course Calendar| Standards| Rubrics| References
This course is an introduction to the theories
and practice of second language acquisition. Sociolinguistic, ethnolinguistic,
applied linguistic and psycholinguistic aspects of second language acquisition
will be examined and its application in second language teaching and learning
in elementary school classroom will be discussed.
1. To examine research-based instructional models designed to assist elementary students in learning a second language.
2. To present instructional strategies that are effective in second language development and content learning, including sheltered instruction or SDAIE (Specially Designed Academic Instruction in English).
3. To examine the nature of language acquisition in and out of school settings.
4. To examine instructional materials used in elementary school core curriculum and evaluate how accessible the materials are to English language learners.
5. To develop an understanding of social structures that immigrant communities face in their new environment as these affect their educational adjustment.
6. To gain knowledge with formal and informal assessment, diagnosis, and evaluation instruments used with English language learners.
7. To investigate our own stories about language acquisition and language heritage as we increase awareness of ourselves as language users, learners, and teachers.
8. To hear the voices and perspectives of language minority students and parents as they discuss their own experiences with schooling in the U.S.
9. To inquire the affects of language and cultural factors in explaining student success and failure.
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Reading Topics & Schedule
Class 1, July 29 Introduction and Overview
Class 2 & 3 Theories of Second Language Acquisition
Course Reader: Krashen, S. (1982). Second language acquisition theory.
In Principles of Practice in Second Language Acquisition. NY: Prentice Hall,
Course Reader: Krashen, S. (1992). Language Acquisition. In Fundamentals
Of Language Education. Laredo Publishing, pp 1-7(Recommended reading)
McLaughlin, B. (1992). Myths and misconceptions about second language learning: what every teacher needs to unlearn (Recommended reading).
Class 4, July 31 Acculturation and Second Language
Course Reader: Schumann, J. (1986). Research on the Acculturation Model for the Second Language Acquisition. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 7(5).
Tong (1997). The relationship between first and second languages and culture:
Finding a cross-cultural identity. (Recommended reading)
Graham, C.R. & Brown, C. (1996). The effects of acculturation on second
language proficiency in a community with a two-way bilingual program. The
Bilingual Research Journal, 20 (2), PP.235-26 (Recommended reading).
Class 5, July 31 Bilingualism & Language
Cary, S. (1997), pp.53-57.
Course Reader: J. Cummins (1994). Primary language instruction and the
education of language minority students. In C.F. Layben (Ed), Schooling and Language Minority Students: A theoretical framework. Los Angeles: EDAC, CSULA.
J. Cummins ìBICS and CALPî
August, D., Calderon, M., & Carlo, M. (2001). The Transfer of Skills from
Spanish to English: A Study of Young Learners
Krashen, S. Is one year/180 days enough
Hakuta, Butler, & Witt, (2000). How long does it take English learners to attain proficiency? (Recommended reading)
Class 6, Aug. 1 Theories and Practice
Cary, S. (1997), pp. 45-53.
Research-Informed Teaching in Bilingual Education: Does It Happen? How
Does It Help?
Course Reader: Tse, L. (1995). Silence is golden: When language
minority students donít speak. TESL Reporter, 28(2), 61-65.
Class 7, Aug. 1 Effective Instruction
Cary, S. (1997), pp. 25-44.
Freeman, Y., Mercuri, S., and Freeman, D. (2001). Keys to Success for
Bilingual Students with Limited Formal Schooling.
Workshop on research methods (12-1:30?)
Course Reader: Johnson, D. (1992). Case-Study Approaches in Approaches
To Research in Second Language Learning. pp.75-99.
Johnson K. & Joohnson H. (1998). Research methodology for language
learning. Encyclopedic Dictionary of Applied Linguistics: A handbook for Language Teaching. MA: Blackwell Publishers. pp. 274-280.
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Class 8, Aug. 5 Free Voluntary Reading
Krashen, S. (1993). The Power of Reading, pp.1-89.
Ulanoff & Pucci (1999). Learning Words from Books: The Effects of Read
Aloud on Second Language Vocabulary Acquisition (Recommended reading).
*In-class discussion/informal presentation of your inquiry project proposal
*Due: Inquiry Project Proposal
Class 9, Aug. 5 Read Aloud, Sustained Silent
Reading & Access to Books
Trelease (2001), pp.1-59, 106-213.
Chow, and Chou. ìEvaluating Sustained Silent Reading in Reading classî
http://iteslj.org/Articles/Chow-SSR.html (Recommended reading).
Course Reader: Worthy, J., Moorman, M., & Turner, M. (1999). What
Johnny likes to read is hard to find in school. Reading Research Quarterly,
Pucci, Sandra, L. (1994). Supporting Spanish language literacy: Latino
children and free reading resources in schools. Bilingual Research Journal,
18 (1&2), 67-82.
Gonzalez-Jensen, M. (1997). The status of childrenís fiction literature written in Spanish by U.S. authors (Recommended reading).
Class 10, Aug. 6 Program Models
Cary, S. (1997), pp. 7-24.
Genesee, F. (1999). Program alternatives for linguistically diverse students.
Fern, V. (1999). System Wide Reform: The San Francisco Unified School District Case.
Christian, D. (1994). Two-Way Bilingual Education: Students Learning Through Two Languages.
Montague, N. (1997). Critical components for dual language programs.
http://brj.asu.edu/articles/ar5.html (Recommended reading).
Amaral, O. (2001). Parentsí Decisions About Bilingual Program Models.
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Class 11, Aug. 6 Why Bilingual Education?
Krashen, S. (1999). Misunderstandings about bilingual education:
The nature of the problem, what we can do about it, and a reason to be optimistic.
Krashen, S. (2000). The Invalidity of SAT9 Scores and the Effectiveness of
Krashen, S. (2000). Proposition 227's Success in California Never
Happened: Response to OíSullivan.
Crawford (2001). A nation divided by one language.
Crawford (1999). The campaign against proposition 227: A post mortem.
Bilingual Research Journal, 21(1).
Lee, S. (1999). The Linguistic Minority Parents' Perceptions of Bilingual
E-reserve: Lao & Krashen. A Study of Graduate Studentsí Attitude
towards Bilingual Education (recommended).
McQuillan & Tse (1996). Does research matter? Bilingual Research
Journal, 20 (1), 1-27 (recommended).
Crawford (1997). Best evidence: Research foundations of the Bilingual Education Act" (recommended).
Class 12, Aug. 7 The Development of Heritage
Cary, S. (1997), pp.57-64.
Course Reader: Krashen, S. (1998). Heritage Language Development:
Some Practical Arguments. In Krashen, S. D., Tse, L. & McQuillan J.
(Eds.), Heritage Language Development. CA: Language Education
Tse, L. (1998). Ethnic identify formation and its implications for heritage language development. In Krashen, S. D., Tse, L. & McQuillan J. (Eds.), Heritage Language Development. CA: Language Education Associates,
Course Reader: Wong-Fillmore, L. (1991). When learning a second language means losing the first. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 6, 323-346.
Crawford, J. (1999). Heritage Languages in America: Tapping a ìHiddenî
Course Reader: McQuillan, J. & Tse, L. (1995). Child language brokering in linguistic minority communities: Effects on cultural interaction, cognition and literacy. Language and Education, 9 (3), 195-214.
Hinton, L. (1999). Involuntary Language Loss Among Immigrants: Asian-
American Linguistic Autobiographies.
Setsue Shibata, (2000). Opening a Japanese Saturday School in a Small
Town in the United States: Community Collaboration to Teach Japanese as
a Heritage Language.
Crawford, J. (1996). Seven Hypotheses on Language Loss: Causes and
Cures (Recommended reading).
Class 13, Aug.7 Guest speaker Victor Low
Class 14, Aug. 8 Instructional Supports
Cary, S. (1997), pp. 65-100.
Course Reader: Feuerverger, G. (1994). A Multicultural Literacy
Intervention for Minority Language Students. Language and Education, 8
Griego-Jones, T. Assessing studentsí perceptions of biliteracy in two way bilingual classrooms.
Class 15 Aug. 8 Assessment & Continuing Learning
Cary, S. (1997), pp. 101-116.
Short, D. (1993). Assessing Integrated Language and Content Instruction.
Class 16, Aug. 9 Student Presentation
** Due: Inquiry paper
Click here for applicable California Content Standards
Click here for Assessment
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last modified Summer 2002