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The Supreme Court on Santería - 1
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Text of the Court ruling Commentary on the text
U.S. Supreme Court

CHURCH OF LUKUMI BABALU AYE
v. 
CITY OF HIALEAH, 508 U.S. 520 (1993)

508 U.S. 520

 CHURCH OF LUKUMI BABALU AYE, INC. v.
CITY OF HIALEAH
CERTIORARI TO THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR
THE ELEVENTH CIRCUIT

No. 91-948

Argued November 4, 1992
Decided June 11, 1993

[ Other cases that cite this decision:

  Supreme Court
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  The U.S. Supreme Court found in favor of the Santería Church of Lukumi Babalu Aye and against the City of Hialeah, Florida.

  Four Ordinances enacted by the City were found to suppress the Church's religious freedom.

  The Ordinances were unconstitutional because they were in contradiction to the First Amendment.

  This is a study of the Court's landmark 1993 decision.

Commentaries, written about the decision by Peter Biella, a Visual anthropologist at San Francisco State University, appear here on the right column of the screen. 

  Additional commentaries and explanations of this website are available from this column through hyperlinks.

  Click here for a web view of the entire site.

Title Page
Syllabus
Synopsis
Opinions, Briefs, Arguments
I  Overview
I-A  Santería Religion
I-B  Case History
II  Free Exercise Clause
II-A  Neutrality
II-A-1  Compelling Interest
II-A-2  Equal Protection
II-A-3  Summary
II-B  General Applicability
III  Ordinances Fail Scrutiny
IV  Conclusion
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