1953 Nature magazine published James Watson's and Francis Crick's manuscript describing the double helix structure of DNA.

1977 Genentech, Inc., reports the production of the first human protein manufactured in a bacteria: somatostatin, a human growth hormone-releasing inhibitory factor. For the first time, a synthetic, recombinant gene was used to clone a protein. Many consider this to be the advent of the Age of Biotechnology.

Artist experiments with Butterflies altering structures on a microscopic level.

Dawn of teraflop systems capable of 1 trillion floating point operations per second.

Butterfly Genes Catalogued--

Bioinformatics - successfully predicting structure and sequence information based on computationally intensive algorithms

Affordable Supercomputing -

blue gene, beowulf, commercially and personally

affordable bioengineering

computational genetics

computational biology

gene finding and exploitation based on computational velocity.

Gene-Script ® genetic programming language

petaflop systems

complex system modelling simplifying algorithms.