Termite mounds help to control the ratio of carbon and water in the arid savanna.
The mounds do not actually house the termites but rather help to ventilate the nest. The nest is actually located about a meter underground. The mounds gather energy provided by the wind which in turn helps to cool the nest.
The more advanced termite species build nests that tend to be more symmetrical in structure. The openings are either pores or slits and are arranged in regular rowns which open up into the inner chambers. Staircases join the floors.
The termites have also developed their own form of agriculture; they grow fungus. The structure of the nest helps to control the growth of this fungus.
Although termite colonies are often quite large, they only contain one parent couple (a king and a queen) This king and queen are normally the founders of the colony. Some queens can lay up to 4,000 eggs a day. It is not certain how long queens live, but mounds can exist for as many as thirty to fifty years.
Like other social insects, termite colonies also contain worker and soldier members.
Studies have shown that termite colonies have their own rhythms, with heightened activity during the daylight hours.
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termite mound discussion